The origin of myxoma, the most frequent tumour of the heart, remains uncertain. Previous phenotypic characterizations have shown heterogeneous results and the most recent hypothesis suggests that cardiac myxoma originates from a primitive pluripotential cardiogenic cell. We investigated the expression of actin isoforms in 30 left atrial myxomas by immunohistochemistry and in eight consecutive tumours by RT-PCR. alpha-Smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) protein and/or transcripts were detected in all cases, whereas alpha-cardiac actin was observed in few cases and alpha-skeletal actin was always absent. Besides classical features, vessel-like structures were characterized by cells expressing CD34 and, less frequently, alpha-SMA. Confocal microscopy showed focal co-expression of CD34 and alpha-SMA in myxoma cells, suggesting a gradual loss of stem endothelial markers and the acquisition of myocytic antigens. In order to confirm this hypothesis, early cardiac differentiation markers were also investigated. RT-PCR documented the presence of transcripts for Sox9 (100%), Notch1 (87.5%), NFATc1 (37.5%), Smad6, metalloproteinases 1 and 2 alone or in variable combinations and the absence of ErbB3 and WT1. Myxoma cells maintained phenotypic heterogeneity in vitro, including the expression of alpha-SMA and the presence of stress fibres. These findings document in cardiac myxoma cells phenotypic markers of the embryonic endothelial-to-mesenchymal transformation that precedes terminal differentiation of endocardial cushions, supporting the hypothesis that cardiac myxonia cells may derive from adult developmental remnants. Copyright (c) 2006 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Hey & Sons, Ltd.

Orlandi, A., Ciucci, A., Ferlosio, A., Genta, R., Spagnoli, L.g., Gabbiani, G. (2006). Cardiac myxoma cells exhibit embryonic endocardial stem cell features. JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY, 209(2), 231-239 [10.1002/path.1959].

Cardiac myxoma cells exhibit embryonic endocardial stem cell features

ORLANDI, AUGUSTO;FERLOSIO, AMEDEO;SPAGNOLI, LUIGI GIUSTO;
2006-01-01

Abstract

The origin of myxoma, the most frequent tumour of the heart, remains uncertain. Previous phenotypic characterizations have shown heterogeneous results and the most recent hypothesis suggests that cardiac myxoma originates from a primitive pluripotential cardiogenic cell. We investigated the expression of actin isoforms in 30 left atrial myxomas by immunohistochemistry and in eight consecutive tumours by RT-PCR. alpha-Smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) protein and/or transcripts were detected in all cases, whereas alpha-cardiac actin was observed in few cases and alpha-skeletal actin was always absent. Besides classical features, vessel-like structures were characterized by cells expressing CD34 and, less frequently, alpha-SMA. Confocal microscopy showed focal co-expression of CD34 and alpha-SMA in myxoma cells, suggesting a gradual loss of stem endothelial markers and the acquisition of myocytic antigens. In order to confirm this hypothesis, early cardiac differentiation markers were also investigated. RT-PCR documented the presence of transcripts for Sox9 (100%), Notch1 (87.5%), NFATc1 (37.5%), Smad6, metalloproteinases 1 and 2 alone or in variable combinations and the absence of ErbB3 and WT1. Myxoma cells maintained phenotypic heterogeneity in vitro, including the expression of alpha-SMA and the presence of stress fibres. These findings document in cardiac myxoma cells phenotypic markers of the embryonic endothelial-to-mesenchymal transformation that precedes terminal differentiation of endocardial cushions, supporting the hypothesis that cardiac myxonia cells may derive from adult developmental remnants. Copyright (c) 2006 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Hey & Sons, Ltd.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
cardiac stem cells; cardiac myxoma; alpha smooth muscle actin; actin isoforms; CD34; cardiac tumours; phenotypic heterogeneity
Orlandi, A., Ciucci, A., Ferlosio, A., Genta, R., Spagnoli, L.g., Gabbiani, G. (2006). Cardiac myxoma cells exhibit embryonic endocardial stem cell features. JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY, 209(2), 231-239 [10.1002/path.1959].
Orlandi, A; Ciucci, A; Ferlosio, A; Genta, R; Spagnoli, Lg; Gabbiani, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/35084
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