We apply spherical needlets to the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5-year cosmic microwave background (CMB) data set, to search for imprints of nonisotropic features in the CMB sky. We use the needlets' localization properties to resolve peculiar features in the CMB sky and to study how these features contribute to the anisotropy power spectrum of the CMB. In addition to the now well-known "cold spot" of the CMB map in the southern hemisphere, we also find two hot spots at greater than 99% confidence level, again in the southern hemisphere and closer to the Galactic plane. While the cold spot contributes to the anisotropy power spectrum in the multipoles between center dot=6 to center dot=33, the hot spots are found to be dominating the anisotropy power in the range between center dot=6 and center dot=18. Masking both the cold and the two hot spots results in a reduction by about 15% in the amplitude of the angular power spectrum of CMB around center dot=10. The resulting changes to the cosmological parameters when the power spectrum is estimated masking these features (in addition to the WMAP team's KQ85 mask) are within the 1 sigma errors published with the WMAP mask only. We also study the asymmetry between the angular power spectra evaluated on the northern and southern hemispheres. When the features detected by needlets are masked, we find that the difference in the power, measured in terms of the anisotropy variance between center dot=4 and center dot=18, is reduced by a factor 2. We make available a mask related to needlet features for more detailed studies on asymmetries in the CMB anisotropy sky.

Pietrobon, D., Amblard, A., Balbi, A., Cabella, P., Cooray, A., & Marinucci, D. (2008). Needlet detection of features in the WMAP CMB sky and the impact on anisotropies and hemispherical asymmetries. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, PARTICLES, FIELDS, GRAVITATION, AND COSMOLOGY, 78(10) [10.1103/PhysRevD.78.103504].

Needlet detection of features in the WMAP CMB sky and the impact on anisotropies and hemispherical asymmetries

BALBI, AMEDEO;CABELLA, PAOLO;MARINUCCI, DOMENICO
2008

Abstract

We apply spherical needlets to the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe 5-year cosmic microwave background (CMB) data set, to search for imprints of nonisotropic features in the CMB sky. We use the needlets' localization properties to resolve peculiar features in the CMB sky and to study how these features contribute to the anisotropy power spectrum of the CMB. In addition to the now well-known "cold spot" of the CMB map in the southern hemisphere, we also find two hot spots at greater than 99% confidence level, again in the southern hemisphere and closer to the Galactic plane. While the cold spot contributes to the anisotropy power spectrum in the multipoles between center dot=6 to center dot=33, the hot spots are found to be dominating the anisotropy power in the range between center dot=6 and center dot=18. Masking both the cold and the two hot spots results in a reduction by about 15% in the amplitude of the angular power spectrum of CMB around center dot=10. The resulting changes to the cosmological parameters when the power spectrum is estimated masking these features (in addition to the WMAP team's KQ85 mask) are within the 1 sigma errors published with the WMAP mask only. We also study the asymmetry between the angular power spectra evaluated on the northern and southern hemispheres. When the features detected by needlets are masked, we find that the difference in the power, measured in terms of the anisotropy variance between center dot=4 and center dot=18, is reduced by a factor 2. We make available a mask related to needlet features for more detailed studies on asymmetries in the CMB anisotropy sky.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
English
DIRECTIONAL SPHERICAL WAVELETS; PROBE DATA; NON-GAUSSIANITY; MICROWAVE; MAPS; ALIGNMENT; MODEL; SPOT
Pietrobon, D., Amblard, A., Balbi, A., Cabella, P., Cooray, A., & Marinucci, D. (2008). Needlet detection of features in the WMAP CMB sky and the impact on anisotropies and hemispherical asymmetries. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, PARTICLES, FIELDS, GRAVITATION, AND COSMOLOGY, 78(10) [10.1103/PhysRevD.78.103504].
Pietrobon, D; Amblard, A; Balbi, A; Cabella, P; Cooray, A; Marinucci, D
Articolo su rivista
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/33778
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