PINK1 accumulation at the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) is a key event required to signal depolarized mitochondria to the autophagy machinery. How this early step is, in turn, modulated by autophagy proteins remains less characterized. Here, we show that, upon mitochondrial depolarization, the proautophagic protein AMBRA1 is recruited to the OMM and interacts with PINK1 and ATAD3A, a transmembrane protein that mediates mitochondrial import and degradation of PINK1. Downregulation of AMBRA1 expression results in reduced levels of PINK1 due to its enhanced degradation by the mitochondrial protease LONP1, which leads to a decrease in PINK1-mediated ubiquitin phosphorylation and mitochondrial PRKN/PARKIN recruitment. Notably, ATAD3A silencing rescues defective PINK1 accumulation in AMBRA1-deficient cells upon mitochondrial damage. Overall, our findings underline an upstream contribution of AMBRA1 in the control of PINK1-PRKN mitophagy by interacting with ATAD3A and promoting PINK1 stability. This novel regulatory element may account for changes of PINK1 levels in neuropathological conditions.

Di Rienzo, M., Romagnoli, A., Ciccosanti, F., Refolo, G., Consalvi, V., Arena, G., et al. (2022). AMBRA1 regulates mitophagy by interacting with ATAD3A and promoting PINK1 stability. AUTOPHAGY, 18(8), 1752-1762 [10.1080/15548627.2021.1997052].

AMBRA1 regulates mitophagy by interacting with ATAD3A and promoting PINK1 stability

Di Rienzo M.;Romagnoli A.;Refolo G.;Piacentini M.
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

PINK1 accumulation at the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) is a key event required to signal depolarized mitochondria to the autophagy machinery. How this early step is, in turn, modulated by autophagy proteins remains less characterized. Here, we show that, upon mitochondrial depolarization, the proautophagic protein AMBRA1 is recruited to the OMM and interacts with PINK1 and ATAD3A, a transmembrane protein that mediates mitochondrial import and degradation of PINK1. Downregulation of AMBRA1 expression results in reduced levels of PINK1 due to its enhanced degradation by the mitochondrial protease LONP1, which leads to a decrease in PINK1-mediated ubiquitin phosphorylation and mitochondrial PRKN/PARKIN recruitment. Notably, ATAD3A silencing rescues defective PINK1 accumulation in AMBRA1-deficient cells upon mitochondrial damage. Overall, our findings underline an upstream contribution of AMBRA1 in the control of PINK1-PRKN mitophagy by interacting with ATAD3A and promoting PINK1 stability. This novel regulatory element may account for changes of PINK1 levels in neuropathological conditions.
2022
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/06 - ANATOMIA COMPARATA E CITOLOGIA
English
Autophagy
LONP1
PRKN/PARKIN
TOMM complex
ubiquitin phosphorylation
Di Rienzo, M., Romagnoli, A., Ciccosanti, F., Refolo, G., Consalvi, V., Arena, G., et al. (2022). AMBRA1 regulates mitophagy by interacting with ATAD3A and promoting PINK1 stability. AUTOPHAGY, 18(8), 1752-1762 [10.1080/15548627.2021.1997052].
Di Rienzo, M; Romagnoli, A; Ciccosanti, F; Refolo, G; Consalvi, V; Arena, G; Valente, Em; Piacentini, M; Fimia, Gm
Articolo su rivista
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/331623
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