The objectives of the present study were: (1) to localise, at the subcellular level, the allergens in pollen of Cupressaceae species, using a monoclonal antibody (mAb 5E6) that is specific for carbohydrate epitopes of allergenic components of Cupressus arizonica pollen extract; (2) to determine whether the glycidic epitope recognised by mAb 5E6 was present in pollen of allergenic species taxonomically unrelated to Cupressaceae; and (3) to determine whether human IgE purified from monosensitive patients recognises the same epitope as mAb 5E6 in Cupressaceae pollen. Immunogold labelling of mAb 5E6 showed a high density of gold particles on the orbicules, supporting the hypothesis that they are important vectors of allergens. A high density was also found on the exine and in the cytoplasm, with the latter finding confirming that fragments of pollen ruptured under humid conditions can represent a vector. The glycidic epitope recognised by mAb 5E6 was detected in all of the species taxonomically unrelated to Cupressaceae, although with varying density. Human IgE recognised the same epitope as mAb 5E6. These findings are consistent with observations of diffuse allergenic cross-reactivity among various allergens. The in situ localisation of a common epitope recognised by both a monoclonal antibody and human IgE could be of importance in immunotherapy.
Canini, A., Giovinazzi, J., Iacovacci, P., Pini, C., & Grilli Caiola, M. (2004). Localisation of a carbohydrate epitope recognised by human IgE in pollen of Cupressaceae. JOURNAL OF PLANT RESEARCH, 117(2), 147-153.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Canini, A., Giovinazzi, J., Iacovacci, P., Pini, C., & Grilli Caiola, M. (2004). Localisation of a carbohydrate epitope recognised by human IgE in pollen of Cupressaceae. JOURNAL OF PLANT RESEARCH, 117(2), 147-153.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/01|
|Revisione (peer review):||Sì, ma tipo non specificato|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-003-0139-x|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Titolo:||Localisation of a carbohydrate epitope recognised by human IgE in pollen of Cupressaceae|
|Autori:||Canini, A; Giovinazzi, J; Iacovacci, P; Pini, C; Grilli Caiola, M|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|