A safe vaccine against measles has been available and globally recommended since 1974. The World health Organization established measles elimination as a goal for 2020 but, unfortunately, this objective has not been achieved yet and outbreaks still occur. Herd immunity, ie, a population immunity higher than 95%, is required to stop the measles virus transmission. Communication plays a crucial role in immunization strategy to obtain high coverage levels, as it helps to fight barriers against vaccination. Delay and refusal of measles vaccination have become widespread due to misinformation, fake news and barriers to effective communication. This phenomenon has been defined as "vaccine hesitancy" and is considered as one of the top ten risks for global health. The alleged association between measles vaccination and autism has caused a sharp decline in vaccination rates. In this current situation, mass communication integrated into public health policies is fundamental to sway people's positive attitudes toward vaccination. Digital communication strategies based on social media and other internet platforms may represent useful tools to promote immunization and discourage skepticism and complement information provided by health-care professionals who have been considered as the most credible source on risk/benefits on vaccines for families. Digital communication strategies that may help supporting the measles elimination strategy include monitoring information needs online, integrating digital communication into immunization programs, involving a multidisciplinary group in communication, developing content that balances facts with positive messaging, using multiple communication channels. Further research activities should be promoted in the field of effective communication for immunization.

Bozzola, E., Spina, G., Tozzi, A., Villani, A. (2020). Global Measles Epidemic Risk: Current Perspectives on the Growing Need for Implementing Digital Communication Strategies. RISK MANAGEMENT AND HEALTHCARE POLICY, 13, 2819-2826 [10.2147/RMHP.S201279].

Global Measles Epidemic Risk: Current Perspectives on the Growing Need for Implementing Digital Communication Strategies

Villani A
2020-01-01

Abstract

A safe vaccine against measles has been available and globally recommended since 1974. The World health Organization established measles elimination as a goal for 2020 but, unfortunately, this objective has not been achieved yet and outbreaks still occur. Herd immunity, ie, a population immunity higher than 95%, is required to stop the measles virus transmission. Communication plays a crucial role in immunization strategy to obtain high coverage levels, as it helps to fight barriers against vaccination. Delay and refusal of measles vaccination have become widespread due to misinformation, fake news and barriers to effective communication. This phenomenon has been defined as "vaccine hesitancy" and is considered as one of the top ten risks for global health. The alleged association between measles vaccination and autism has caused a sharp decline in vaccination rates. In this current situation, mass communication integrated into public health policies is fundamental to sway people's positive attitudes toward vaccination. Digital communication strategies based on social media and other internet platforms may represent useful tools to promote immunization and discourage skepticism and complement information provided by health-care professionals who have been considered as the most credible source on risk/benefits on vaccines for families. Digital communication strategies that may help supporting the measles elimination strategy include monitoring information needs online, integrating digital communication into immunization programs, involving a multidisciplinary group in communication, developing content that balances facts with positive messaging, using multiple communication channels. Further research activities should be promoted in the field of effective communication for immunization.
2020
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/38 - PEDIATRIA GENERALE E SPECIALISTICA
English
Bozzola, E., Spina, G., Tozzi, A., Villani, A. (2020). Global Measles Epidemic Risk: Current Perspectives on the Growing Need for Implementing Digital Communication Strategies. RISK MANAGEMENT AND HEALTHCARE POLICY, 13, 2819-2826 [10.2147/RMHP.S201279].
Bozzola, E; Spina, G; Tozzi, A; Villani, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/317180
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