By analogy to the revolution the “home glucose monitor” created in the treatment of diabetes, the availability of a modular, “platform” technology able to measure nearly any metabolite, biomarker, or drug “at-home” in unprocessed, finger-prick volumes of whole blood could revolutionize the monitoring and treatment of disease. Thus motivated, we have adapted here the electrochemical aptamer-based sensing platform to the problem of rapidly and conveniently measuring the level of phenylalanine in the blood, an ability that would aid the monitoring and management of phenylketonuria (PKU). To achieve this, we exploited a previously reported DNA aptamer that recognizes phenylalanine in complex with a rhodium-based “receptor” that improves affinity. We re-engineered this to undergo a large-scale, binding-induced conformational change before modifying it with a methylene blue redox reporter and attaching it to a gold electrode that supports the appropriate electrochemical interrogation. The resultant sensor achieves a useful dynamic range of 90 nM to 7 μM. When challenged with finger-prick-scale sample volumes of the whole blood (diluted 1000-fold to match the sensor’s dynamic range), the device achieves the accurate (±20%), calibration-free measurement of blood phenylalanine levels in minutes.

Idili, A., Parolo, C., Ortega, G., Plaxco, K.w. (2019). Calibration-free measurement of phenylalanine levels in the blood using an electrochemical aptamer-based sensor suitable for point-of-care applications. ACS SENSORS, 4(12), 3227-3233 [10.1021/acssensors.9b01703].

Calibration-free measurement of phenylalanine levels in the blood using an electrochemical aptamer-based sensor suitable for point-of-care applications

A. Idili;
2019-12-02

Abstract

By analogy to the revolution the “home glucose monitor” created in the treatment of diabetes, the availability of a modular, “platform” technology able to measure nearly any metabolite, biomarker, or drug “at-home” in unprocessed, finger-prick volumes of whole blood could revolutionize the monitoring and treatment of disease. Thus motivated, we have adapted here the electrochemical aptamer-based sensing platform to the problem of rapidly and conveniently measuring the level of phenylalanine in the blood, an ability that would aid the monitoring and management of phenylketonuria (PKU). To achieve this, we exploited a previously reported DNA aptamer that recognizes phenylalanine in complex with a rhodium-based “receptor” that improves affinity. We re-engineered this to undergo a large-scale, binding-induced conformational change before modifying it with a methylene blue redox reporter and attaching it to a gold electrode that supports the appropriate electrochemical interrogation. The resultant sensor achieves a useful dynamic range of 90 nM to 7 μM. When challenged with finger-prick-scale sample volumes of the whole blood (diluted 1000-fold to match the sensor’s dynamic range), the device achieves the accurate (±20%), calibration-free measurement of blood phenylalanine levels in minutes.
2-dic-2019
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore CHIM/01 - CHIMICA ANALITICA
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
amino acid; aptasensor; E-AB sensors; metabolite; personalized medicine; therapeutic drug monitoring
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acssensors.9b01703
Idili, A., Parolo, C., Ortega, G., Plaxco, K.w. (2019). Calibration-free measurement of phenylalanine levels in the blood using an electrochemical aptamer-based sensor suitable for point-of-care applications. ACS SENSORS, 4(12), 3227-3233 [10.1021/acssensors.9b01703].
Idili, A; Parolo, C; Ortega, G; Plaxco, Kw
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/312633
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