In this paper, the local iterative Lie-Schwinger block-diagonalization method, introduced and developed in our previous work for quantum chains, is extended to higher-dimensional quantum lattice systems with Hamiltonians that can be written as the sum of an unperturbed gapped operator, consisting of a sum of on-site terms, and a perturbation, consisting of bounded interaction potentials of short range multiplied by a real coupling constant t. Our goal is to prove that the spectral gap above the ground-state energy of such Hamiltonians persists for sufficiently small values of |t|, independently of the size of the lattice. New ideas and concepts are necessary to extend our method to systems in dimension d > 1: As in our earlier work, a sequence of local block-diagonalization steps based on judiciously chosen unitary conjugations of the original Hamiltonian is introduced. The supports of effective interaction potentials generated in the course of these block-diagonalization steps can be identified with what we call minimal rectangles contained in the lattice, a concept that serves to tackle combinatorial problems that arise in the course of iterating the block-diagonalization steps. For a given minimal rectangle, control of the effective interaction potentials generated in each block-diagonalization step with support in the given rectangle is achieved by exploiting a variety of rather subtle mechanisms, which include, for example, the use of weighted sums of paths consisting of overlapping rectangles and of large denominators, expressed in terms of sums of orthogonal projections, which serve to control analogous sums of projections in the numerators resulting from the unitary conjugations of the interaction potential terms involved in the local block-diagonalization step.

Del Vecchio, S., Frohlich, J., Pizzo, A., Rossi, S. (2022). Local iterative block-diagonalization of gapped Hamiltonians: a new tool in singular perturbation theory. JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS, 63(7) [10.1063/5.0084552].

Local iterative block-diagonalization of gapped Hamiltonians: a new tool in singular perturbation theory

Del Vecchio S.;Pizzo A.
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, the local iterative Lie-Schwinger block-diagonalization method, introduced and developed in our previous work for quantum chains, is extended to higher-dimensional quantum lattice systems with Hamiltonians that can be written as the sum of an unperturbed gapped operator, consisting of a sum of on-site terms, and a perturbation, consisting of bounded interaction potentials of short range multiplied by a real coupling constant t. Our goal is to prove that the spectral gap above the ground-state energy of such Hamiltonians persists for sufficiently small values of |t|, independently of the size of the lattice. New ideas and concepts are necessary to extend our method to systems in dimension d > 1: As in our earlier work, a sequence of local block-diagonalization steps based on judiciously chosen unitary conjugations of the original Hamiltonian is introduced. The supports of effective interaction potentials generated in the course of these block-diagonalization steps can be identified with what we call minimal rectangles contained in the lattice, a concept that serves to tackle combinatorial problems that arise in the course of iterating the block-diagonalization steps. For a given minimal rectangle, control of the effective interaction potentials generated in each block-diagonalization step with support in the given rectangle is achieved by exploiting a variety of rather subtle mechanisms, which include, for example, the use of weighted sums of paths consisting of overlapping rectangles and of large denominators, expressed in terms of sums of orthogonal projections, which serve to control analogous sums of projections in the numerators resulting from the unitary conjugations of the interaction potential terms involved in the local block-diagonalization step.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MAT/07
English
Del Vecchio, S., Frohlich, J., Pizzo, A., Rossi, S. (2022). Local iterative block-diagonalization of gapped Hamiltonians: a new tool in singular perturbation theory. JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS, 63(7) [10.1063/5.0084552].
Del Vecchio, S; Frohlich, J; Pizzo, A; Rossi, S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/311733
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