Caspase-8 is a cysteine protease that plays an essential role in apoptosis. Consistently with its canonical proapoptotic function, cancer cells may genetically or epigenetically downregulate its expression. Unexpectedly, Caspase-8 is often retained in cancer, suggesting the presence of alternative mechanisms that may be exploited by cancer cells to their own benefit. In this regard, we reported that Src tyrosine kinase, which is aberrantly activated in many tumors, promotes Caspase-8 phosphorylation on Tyrosine 380 (Y380) preventing its full activation. Here, we investigated the significance of Caspase-8 expression and of its phosphorylation on Y380 in glioblastoma, a brain tumor where both Caspase-8 expression and Src activity are often aberrantly upregulated. Transcriptomic analyses identified inflammatory response as a major target of Caspase-8, and in particular, NFκB signaling as one of the most affected pathways. More importantly, we could show that Src-dependent phosphorylation of Caspase-8 on Y380 drives the assembly of a multiprotein complex that triggers NFκB activation, thereby inducing the expression of inflammatory and pro-angiogenic factors. Remarkably, phosphorylation on Y380 sustains neoangiogenesis and resistance to radiotherapy. In summary, our work identifies a novel interplay between Src kinase and Caspase-8 that allows cancer cells to hijack Caspase-8 to sustain tumor growth.

Contadini, C., Ferri, A., Di Martile, M., Cirotti, C., Del Bufalo, D., De Nicola, F., et al. (2022). Caspase-8 as a novel mediator linking Src kinase signaling to enhanced glioblastoma malignancy. CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION [10.1038/s41418-022-01093-x].

Caspase-8 as a novel mediator linking Src kinase signaling to enhanced glioblastoma malignancy

Cirotti, Claudia;Sacco, Francesca;Volpe, Elisabetta;Barila', Daniela
2022-12-02

Abstract

Caspase-8 is a cysteine protease that plays an essential role in apoptosis. Consistently with its canonical proapoptotic function, cancer cells may genetically or epigenetically downregulate its expression. Unexpectedly, Caspase-8 is often retained in cancer, suggesting the presence of alternative mechanisms that may be exploited by cancer cells to their own benefit. In this regard, we reported that Src tyrosine kinase, which is aberrantly activated in many tumors, promotes Caspase-8 phosphorylation on Tyrosine 380 (Y380) preventing its full activation. Here, we investigated the significance of Caspase-8 expression and of its phosphorylation on Y380 in glioblastoma, a brain tumor where both Caspase-8 expression and Src activity are often aberrantly upregulated. Transcriptomic analyses identified inflammatory response as a major target of Caspase-8, and in particular, NFκB signaling as one of the most affected pathways. More importantly, we could show that Src-dependent phosphorylation of Caspase-8 on Y380 drives the assembly of a multiprotein complex that triggers NFκB activation, thereby inducing the expression of inflammatory and pro-angiogenic factors. Remarkably, phosphorylation on Y380 sustains neoangiogenesis and resistance to radiotherapy. In summary, our work identifies a novel interplay between Src kinase and Caspase-8 that allows cancer cells to hijack Caspase-8 to sustain tumor growth.
Online ahead of print
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/18
English
Contadini, C., Ferri, A., Di Martile, M., Cirotti, C., Del Bufalo, D., De Nicola, F., et al. (2022). Caspase-8 as a novel mediator linking Src kinase signaling to enhanced glioblastoma malignancy. CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION [10.1038/s41418-022-01093-x].
Contadini, C; Ferri, A; Di Martile, M; Cirotti, C; Del Bufalo, D; De Nicola, F; Pallocca, M; Fanciulli, M; Sacco, F; Donninelli, G; Capone, A; Volpe, E; Keller, N; Miki, S; Kawauchi, D; Stupack, D; Furnari, F; Barila', D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/309616
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