The aim of this investigation was to study cephalometrically the skeletal, dental and soft tissue modifications induced by a Delaire facemask and Bionator III appliance in a sample of 30 patients (17 boys and 13 girls), aged 4.1-9 years [mean 5.85 years, confidence interval (Cl) 5.41-6.29], in the early mixed dentition with a skeletal Class III malocclusion caused by maxillary retrognathism (group 1) and compared with a control sample of 24 subjects (14 boys and 10 girls), aged 4-9 years (mean 5.97 years, Cl 5.35-6.58) with untreated Class III malocclusions (group 2). For each patient a lateral cephalogram was taken before treatment (TO), after facemask removal (T1), and at the end of the retention period with a Bionator III (T2). Cephalometric analysis was carried out. The post-treatment cephalometric values in the treated group showed a forward displacement of the maxilla resulting in a statistically significant increase (P < 0.001) in the SNA angle, A-NPg (mm) and PNS-A (mm) linear values. There was a clockwise rotation of the mandible, with a decrease in the SNB angle and a satisfactory correction of the Class III relationship. The beneficial effects on the facial profile were confirmed by an increase in UL-EL distance and in NB<^>HL and NsPgs<^>HL angles, and by a decrease in the facial convexity angle. These findings indicate that the Delaire facemask and Bionator III treatment is effective for correcting skeletal Class III malocclusions caused by maxillary retrognathism in the early mixed dentition.

Cozza P, Marino A, & Mucedero M. (2004). An orthopaedic approach to the treatment of Class III malocclusions in the early mixed dentition. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, 26(2), 191-199 [10.1093/ejo/26.2.191].

An orthopaedic approach to the treatment of Class III malocclusions in the early mixed dentition

COZZA, PAOLA;
2004

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to study cephalometrically the skeletal, dental and soft tissue modifications induced by a Delaire facemask and Bionator III appliance in a sample of 30 patients (17 boys and 13 girls), aged 4.1-9 years [mean 5.85 years, confidence interval (Cl) 5.41-6.29], in the early mixed dentition with a skeletal Class III malocclusion caused by maxillary retrognathism (group 1) and compared with a control sample of 24 subjects (14 boys and 10 girls), aged 4-9 years (mean 5.97 years, Cl 5.35-6.58) with untreated Class III malocclusions (group 2). For each patient a lateral cephalogram was taken before treatment (TO), after facemask removal (T1), and at the end of the retention period with a Bionator III (T2). Cephalometric analysis was carried out. The post-treatment cephalometric values in the treated group showed a forward displacement of the maxilla resulting in a statistically significant increase (P < 0.001) in the SNA angle, A-NPg (mm) and PNS-A (mm) linear values. There was a clockwise rotation of the mandible, with a decrease in the SNB angle and a satisfactory correction of the Class III relationship. The beneficial effects on the facial profile were confirmed by an increase in UL-EL distance and in NB<^>HL and NsPgs<^>HL angles, and by a decrease in the facial convexity angle. These findings indicate that the Delaire facemask and Bionator III treatment is effective for correcting skeletal Class III malocclusions caused by maxillary retrognathism in the early mixed dentition.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
analysis of variance; article; cephalometry; child; clinical trial; congenital malformation; controlled clinical trial; controlled study; dentition; female; human; instrumentation; male; malocclusion; maxilla; nonparametric test; orthodontic device; orthodontics; preschool child; retrognathia; treatment outcome; Activator Appliances; Analysis of Variance; Cephalometry; Child; Child, Preschool; Dentition, Mixed; Extraoral Traction Appliances; Female; Humans; Male; Malocclusion, Angle Class III; Maxilla; Orthodontics, Corrective; Retrognathism; Statistics, Nonparametric; Treatment Outcome
Cozza P, Marino A, & Mucedero M. (2004). An orthopaedic approach to the treatment of Class III malocclusions in the early mixed dentition. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, 26(2), 191-199 [10.1093/ejo/26.2.191].
Cozza, P; Marino, A; Mucedero, M
Articolo su rivista
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/30955
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 36
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 33
social impact