Aims of the present study are to test the efficacy of a lifestyle group intervention, compared to a brief psychoeducational intervention, on levels of physical activity and dietary habits in a real-world sample of patients with severe mental disorders. The study, funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, has been carried out in six Italian University psychiatric outpatient units. All patients were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group and were assessed through standardized assessment instruments at baseline and six months after randomization. Of the 401 recruited patients, 43.3% had a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, 29.9% of psychosis and 26.9% of major depression. Patients were mainly female (57%), with a mean age of 45.6 +/- 11.8 years. Treated patients have almost 8 times the likelihood to show an increase of the total MET (OR: 8.02; p < .001) and of the walking MET (OR: 7.68; p < .001) and are more likely to increase the weekly consumption of vegetables (OR= 1.98, p < .05) and to reduce that of junk food (OR:0.23; p < .05). The present study support the notion that patients with severe mental disorders can improve their lifestyle behaviours and that, with appropriate support, they can achieve a healthy living.

Luciano, M., Sampogna, G., Amore, M., Bertolino, A., Dell'Osso, L., Rossi, A., et al. (2022). Improving physical activity and diet in patients with severe mental disorders: Results from the LIFESTYLE multicentric, real-world randomized controlled trial. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, 317 [10.1016/j.psychres.2022.114818].

Improving physical activity and diet in patients with severe mental disorders: Results from the LIFESTYLE multicentric, real-world randomized controlled trial

Siracusano, Alberto;Di Lorenzo, Giorgio;Rossi, Rodolfo;
2022-11-01

Abstract

Aims of the present study are to test the efficacy of a lifestyle group intervention, compared to a brief psychoeducational intervention, on levels of physical activity and dietary habits in a real-world sample of patients with severe mental disorders. The study, funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, has been carried out in six Italian University psychiatric outpatient units. All patients were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group and were assessed through standardized assessment instruments at baseline and six months after randomization. Of the 401 recruited patients, 43.3% had a diagnosis of bipolar disorder, 29.9% of psychosis and 26.9% of major depression. Patients were mainly female (57%), with a mean age of 45.6 +/- 11.8 years. Treated patients have almost 8 times the likelihood to show an increase of the total MET (OR: 8.02; p < .001) and of the walking MET (OR: 7.68; p < .001) and are more likely to increase the weekly consumption of vegetables (OR= 1.98, p < .05) and to reduce that of junk food (OR:0.23; p < .05). The present study support the notion that patients with severe mental disorders can improve their lifestyle behaviours and that, with appropriate support, they can achieve a healthy living.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/25
English
Bipolar disorder
Cognitive functioning
Depression
Exercise
Healthy diet
Physical activity
Psychosis
Randomized controlled trial
Schizophrenia
Severe mental disorders
Humans
Female
Adult
Middle Aged
Male
Life Style
Exercise
Diet
Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Luciano, M., Sampogna, G., Amore, M., Bertolino, A., Dell'Osso, L., Rossi, A., et al. (2022). Improving physical activity and diet in patients with severe mental disorders: Results from the LIFESTYLE multicentric, real-world randomized controlled trial. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH, 317 [10.1016/j.psychres.2022.114818].
Luciano, M; Sampogna, G; Amore, M; Bertolino, A; Dell'Osso, L; Rossi, A; Siracusano, A; Calcagno, P; Carmassi, C; Di Lorenzo, G; Di Vincenzo, M; Giallonardo, V; Rampino, A; Rossi, R; Fiorillo, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/309297
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