We described the analysis of the genotypes of the population within third-line antiviral therapy in Cameroon, with a focus on defining the effects of prior raltegravir (RAL) treatment and resistance mutations for current dolutegravir (DTG) treatment. While supporting the current transition to DTG-containing ART in resource-limited settings toward the achievement of the UNAIDS' goal of HIV elimination by 2030, our findings suggested that RAL-exposed patients may need a specific monitoring approach either in a stratified or personalized model of third-line ART to ensure the long-term success of DTG-containing regimens.To ensure the long-term efficacy of dolutegravir (DTG), we evaluated the genotypic profile in viral reservoirs among patients on third-line (3L) antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Cameroon, according to prior exposure to raltegravir (RAL). A facility-based study was conducted from May through December 2021 among patients on 3L ART from HIV treatment centers in Yaounde and Douala. Viral load was measured, and genotyping was performed on plasma RNA and proviral DNA. HIV-1 drug resistance mutations were interpreted using HIVdb.v9.1 and phylogeny analysis was performed using MEGA.v7, with P < 0.05 considered significant. Of the 12,093 patients on ART, 53 fully met our inclusion criteria. The median (IQR) age was 51 years (40 to 55 years), and the male/female ratio was 4/5. The median duration on integrase strand-transfer inhibitors (INSTI)-containing regimens was 18 months (12 to 32 months), and 15.09% (8/53) were exposed to RAL. The most administered 3L ART was TDF+3TC+DTG+DRV/r (33.96%, 18/53). Only 5.66% (3/53) had unsuppressed viremia (>1000 copies/mL). Resistance testing in proviral DNA was successful for 18/22 participants and revealed 1/18 patients (5.56%, in the RAL-arm) with archived mutations at major resistance positions (G140R and G163R). Five subtypes were identified, CRF02_AG (12/18), CRF22_01AE (3/18), A1 (1/18), G (1/18), and F2 (1/18). In Cameroon, 3L-experienced patients had a good virological response with a low level of archived mutations in the integrase. This finding underscored the use of DTG-containing ART for heavily treated patients in similar programmatic settings. However, patients with prior exposure to RAL should be closely monitored following a stratified or personalized approach to mitigate risks of INSTI-resistance, alongside pharmacovigilance. IMPORTANCE We described the analysis of the genotypes of the population within third-line antiviral therapy in Cameroon, with a focus on defining the effects of prior raltegravir (RAL) treatment and resistance mutations for current dolutegravir (DTG) treatment. While supporting the current transition to DTG-containing ART in resource-limited settings toward the achievement of the UNAIDS' goal of HIV elimination by 2030, our findings suggested that RAL-exposed patients may need a specific monitoring approach either in a stratified or personalized model of third-line ART to ensure the long-term success of DTG-containing regimens.

Fokam, J., Ngoufack Jagni Semengue, E., Molimbou, E., Etame, N., Santoro, M., Takou, D., et al. (2022). Evaluation of Circulating and Archived HIV-1 Integrase Drug-Resistance Variants among Patients on Third-Line ART in Cameroon: Implications for Dolutegravir-Containing Regimens in Resource-Limited Settings. MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM, e0342022 [10.1128/spectrum.03420-22].

Evaluation of Circulating and Archived HIV-1 Integrase Drug-Resistance Variants among Patients on Third-Line ART in Cameroon: Implications for Dolutegravir-Containing Regimens in Resource-Limited Settings

Santoro, Maria;Colizzi, Vittorio;Perno, Carlo-Federico;Ceccherini-Silberstein, Francesca;
2022

Abstract

We described the analysis of the genotypes of the population within third-line antiviral therapy in Cameroon, with a focus on defining the effects of prior raltegravir (RAL) treatment and resistance mutations for current dolutegravir (DTG) treatment. While supporting the current transition to DTG-containing ART in resource-limited settings toward the achievement of the UNAIDS' goal of HIV elimination by 2030, our findings suggested that RAL-exposed patients may need a specific monitoring approach either in a stratified or personalized model of third-line ART to ensure the long-term success of DTG-containing regimens.To ensure the long-term efficacy of dolutegravir (DTG), we evaluated the genotypic profile in viral reservoirs among patients on third-line (3L) antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Cameroon, according to prior exposure to raltegravir (RAL). A facility-based study was conducted from May through December 2021 among patients on 3L ART from HIV treatment centers in Yaounde and Douala. Viral load was measured, and genotyping was performed on plasma RNA and proviral DNA. HIV-1 drug resistance mutations were interpreted using HIVdb.v9.1 and phylogeny analysis was performed using MEGA.v7, with P < 0.05 considered significant. Of the 12,093 patients on ART, 53 fully met our inclusion criteria. The median (IQR) age was 51 years (40 to 55 years), and the male/female ratio was 4/5. The median duration on integrase strand-transfer inhibitors (INSTI)-containing regimens was 18 months (12 to 32 months), and 15.09% (8/53) were exposed to RAL. The most administered 3L ART was TDF+3TC+DTG+DRV/r (33.96%, 18/53). Only 5.66% (3/53) had unsuppressed viremia (>1000 copies/mL). Resistance testing in proviral DNA was successful for 18/22 participants and revealed 1/18 patients (5.56%, in the RAL-arm) with archived mutations at major resistance positions (G140R and G163R). Five subtypes were identified, CRF02_AG (12/18), CRF22_01AE (3/18), A1 (1/18), G (1/18), and F2 (1/18). In Cameroon, 3L-experienced patients had a good virological response with a low level of archived mutations in the integrase. This finding underscored the use of DTG-containing ART for heavily treated patients in similar programmatic settings. However, patients with prior exposure to RAL should be closely monitored following a stratified or personalized approach to mitigate risks of INSTI-resistance, alongside pharmacovigilance. IMPORTANCE We described the analysis of the genotypes of the population within third-line antiviral therapy in Cameroon, with a focus on defining the effects of prior raltegravir (RAL) treatment and resistance mutations for current dolutegravir (DTG) treatment. While supporting the current transition to DTG-containing ART in resource-limited settings toward the achievement of the UNAIDS' goal of HIV elimination by 2030, our findings suggested that RAL-exposed patients may need a specific monitoring approach either in a stratified or personalized model of third-line ART to ensure the long-term success of DTG-containing regimens.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore MED/07
English
Cameroon
HIV-1
archived resistance
dolutegravir
integrase inhibitors
raltegravir
third-line ART
Fokam, J., Ngoufack Jagni Semengue, E., Molimbou, E., Etame, N., Santoro, M., Takou, D., et al. (2022). Evaluation of Circulating and Archived HIV-1 Integrase Drug-Resistance Variants among Patients on Third-Line ART in Cameroon: Implications for Dolutegravir-Containing Regimens in Resource-Limited Settings. MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM, e0342022 [10.1128/spectrum.03420-22].
Fokam, J; Ngoufack Jagni Semengue, E; Molimbou, E; Etame, N; Santoro, M; Takou, D; Mossiang, L; Meledie, Ap; Chenwi, Ca; Yagai, B; Nka, Ad; Dambaya, B; Teto, G; Ka'E, Ac; Beloumou, Ga; Ndjeyep, Scd; Fainguem, N; Abba, A; Kengni, Amn; Tchouaket, Mct; Bouba, Np; Billong, S; Djubgang, R; Saounde, Et; Sosso, Sm; Kouanfack, C; Bissek, Az; Eben-Moussi, E; Colizzi, V; Perno, C; Ceccherini-Silberstein, F; Ndjolo, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/308898
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