Brown adipose tissue (BAT) controls mammalian core body temperature by non-shivering thermogenesis. BAT is extraordinarily rich in mitochondria, which have the peculiarity of generating heat by uncoupled respiration. Since the mitochondrial activity of BAT is subject to cycles of activation and deactivation in response to environmental temperature changes, an integrated mitochondrial quality control (MQC) system is of fundamental importance to ensure BAT physiology. Here, we provide an overview of the conventional and alternative mechanisms through which thermogenic adipocytes selectively remove damaged parts of mitochondria and how macrophages participate in the MQC system by removing extracellular mitochondrial waste to maintain the thermogenic function of BAT.

Aquilano, K., Zhou, B., Brestoff, J.r., Lettieri-Barbato, D. (2022). Multifaceted mitochondrial quality control in brown adipose tissue. TRENDS IN CELL BIOLOGY [10.1016/j.tcb.2022.09.008].

Multifaceted mitochondrial quality control in brown adipose tissue

Aquilano, Katia
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Lettieri-Barbato, Daniele
2022

Abstract

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) controls mammalian core body temperature by non-shivering thermogenesis. BAT is extraordinarily rich in mitochondria, which have the peculiarity of generating heat by uncoupled respiration. Since the mitochondrial activity of BAT is subject to cycles of activation and deactivation in response to environmental temperature changes, an integrated mitochondrial quality control (MQC) system is of fundamental importance to ensure BAT physiology. Here, we provide an overview of the conventional and alternative mechanisms through which thermogenic adipocytes selectively remove damaged parts of mitochondria and how macrophages participate in the MQC system by removing extracellular mitochondrial waste to maintain the thermogenic function of BAT.
Online ahead of print
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
Settore BIO/09
English
adipocytes
extracellular vesicles
immune cells
metabolism
mitochondrial transfer
thermogenesis
Aquilano, K., Zhou, B., Brestoff, J.r., Lettieri-Barbato, D. (2022). Multifaceted mitochondrial quality control in brown adipose tissue. TRENDS IN CELL BIOLOGY [10.1016/j.tcb.2022.09.008].
Aquilano, K; Zhou, B; Brestoff, Jr; Lettieri-Barbato, D
Articolo su rivista
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/308375
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