Ischemic preconditioning (IP), obtained by exposure to brief periods of vascular occlusion, improves organ tolerance to prolonged ischemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of IP on intestinal morphology. Forty rats were subjected to sham surgery (n = 20, group 1) or intestinal preconditioning (n = 20, group 11) with a cycle of brief ischemia/reperfusion (10-minute occlusion of superior mesenteric artery [SMA], followed by 10-minute reperfusion) before prolonged ischemia produced by SMA occlusion (45 minutes). Five animals in each group were sacrificed 2, 12, 24, and 48 hours after reperfusion. Intestinal samples were processed for light and electron microscopy. A TUNEL assay was performed to detect apoptosis. Statistical analysis used Student t test and Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The overall mortality for the sham-operated group was 15%, while no animals of group 11 died (NS). Histological evaluation showed early detachment of epithelial cells from villous stroma accompanied by marked congestion and edema. Successive morphological changes were represented by leukocyte infiltration, focal necrosis, and marked villus denudation or loss. Group 11 animals showed significantly reduced inflammatory infiltrates in the lamina propria and a greater villus height compared to group 1. The maximum number of apoptotic nuclei was observed in both groups, Following 2 hours of reperfusion group 11 animals showed significantly, greater apoptosis at 2 and 12 hours after reperfusion (P < .05). Electron microscopy showed severe mitochondrial and basement membrane damage. The findings from this study confirm that IP preconditioning attenuates morphological alterations that are invariably present after prolonged ischemia and reperfusion.

Sileri, P., Sica, G., Gentileschi, P., Venza, M., Manzelli, A., Palmieri, G., et al. (2004). Ischemic preconditioning protects intestine from prolonged ischemia. TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, 36(2), 283-285 [10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.01.078].

Ischemic preconditioning protects intestine from prolonged ischemia

Sileri, P;Sica, G;Gentileschi, P;Manzelli, A;Palmieri, G;Spagnoli, L G;
2004

Abstract

Ischemic preconditioning (IP), obtained by exposure to brief periods of vascular occlusion, improves organ tolerance to prolonged ischemia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of IP on intestinal morphology. Forty rats were subjected to sham surgery (n = 20, group 1) or intestinal preconditioning (n = 20, group 11) with a cycle of brief ischemia/reperfusion (10-minute occlusion of superior mesenteric artery [SMA], followed by 10-minute reperfusion) before prolonged ischemia produced by SMA occlusion (45 minutes). Five animals in each group were sacrificed 2, 12, 24, and 48 hours after reperfusion. Intestinal samples were processed for light and electron microscopy. A TUNEL assay was performed to detect apoptosis. Statistical analysis used Student t test and Kaplan-Meier survival curves. The overall mortality for the sham-operated group was 15%, while no animals of group 11 died (NS). Histological evaluation showed early detachment of epithelial cells from villous stroma accompanied by marked congestion and edema. Successive morphological changes were represented by leukocyte infiltration, focal necrosis, and marked villus denudation or loss. Group 11 animals showed significantly reduced inflammatory infiltrates in the lamina propria and a greater villus height compared to group 1. The maximum number of apoptotic nuclei was observed in both groups, Following 2 hours of reperfusion group 11 animals showed significantly, greater apoptosis at 2 and 12 hours after reperfusion (P < .05). Electron microscopy showed severe mitochondrial and basement membrane damage. The findings from this study confirm that IP preconditioning attenuates morphological alterations that are invariably present after prolonged ischemia and reperfusion.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Abstract
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/18
English
Animals
Basement Membrane
Ileum
Ischemic Preconditioning
Male
Mitochondria
Rats
Rats, Inbred ACI
Reperfusion Injury
Sileri, P., Sica, G., Gentileschi, P., Venza, M., Manzelli, A., Palmieri, G., et al. (2004). Ischemic preconditioning protects intestine from prolonged ischemia. TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS, 36(2), 283-285 [10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.01.078].
Sileri, P; Sica, G; Gentileschi, P; Venza, M; Manzelli, A; Palmieri, G; Spagnoli, Lg; Testa, G; Benedetti, E; Gaspari, Al
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/306498
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