Background Clinical deterioration of relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS) patients reflects not only the number and severity of overt inflammatory and demyelinating episodes, but also subtle central damage caused by persistent exposure to inflammatory molecules.Objective To explore the correlation between levels of CSF inflammatory molecules at the time of diagnosis and both demographic and clinical characteristics of a large sample of RR-MS patients, as well as the predictive value of cytokine levels on their prospective disease course.Methods In 205 patients diagnosed with RR-MS, we measured at the time of diagnosis the CSF levels of inflammatory molecules. Clinical and MRI evaluation was collected at the time of CSF withdrawal and during a median follow-up of 3 years.Results The time interval between the first anamnestic episode of focal neurological dysfunction and RR-MS diagnosis was the main factor associated with high CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8. Furthermore, elevated CSF levels of these cytokines correlated with enhanced risk of clinical and radiological disease reactivation, switch to second-line treatments, and with disability progression in the follow-up.Conclusions Delayed diagnosis and treatment initiation are associated with higher CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in RR-MS, leading to worsening disease course and poor response to treatments.

Stampanoni Bassi, M., Iezzi, E., Landi, D., Monteleone, F., Gilio, L., Simonelli, I., et al. (2018). Delayed treatment of MS is associated with high CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8 and worse future disease course. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 265(11), 2540-2547 [10.1007/s00415-018-8994-5].

Delayed treatment of MS is associated with high CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8 and worse future disease course

Landi, Doriana;Monteleone, Fabrizia;Musella, Alessandra;Marfia, Girolama A;Centonze, Diego;Buttari, Fabio
2018

Abstract

Background Clinical deterioration of relapsing-remitting MS (RR-MS) patients reflects not only the number and severity of overt inflammatory and demyelinating episodes, but also subtle central damage caused by persistent exposure to inflammatory molecules.Objective To explore the correlation between levels of CSF inflammatory molecules at the time of diagnosis and both demographic and clinical characteristics of a large sample of RR-MS patients, as well as the predictive value of cytokine levels on their prospective disease course.Methods In 205 patients diagnosed with RR-MS, we measured at the time of diagnosis the CSF levels of inflammatory molecules. Clinical and MRI evaluation was collected at the time of CSF withdrawal and during a median follow-up of 3 years.Results The time interval between the first anamnestic episode of focal neurological dysfunction and RR-MS diagnosis was the main factor associated with high CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8. Furthermore, elevated CSF levels of these cytokines correlated with enhanced risk of clinical and radiological disease reactivation, switch to second-line treatments, and with disability progression in the follow-up.Conclusions Delayed diagnosis and treatment initiation are associated with higher CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in RR-MS, leading to worsening disease course and poor response to treatments.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/26
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
CSF cytokines
Disease activity
IL-6
IL-8
Neuroinflammation
RR-MS
Adult
Biomarkers
Disease Progression
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Interleukin-6
Interleukin-8
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Time-to-Treatment
Stampanoni Bassi, M., Iezzi, E., Landi, D., Monteleone, F., Gilio, L., Simonelli, I., et al. (2018). Delayed treatment of MS is associated with high CSF levels of IL-6 and IL-8 and worse future disease course. JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, 265(11), 2540-2547 [10.1007/s00415-018-8994-5].
Stampanoni Bassi, M; Iezzi, E; Landi, D; Monteleone, F; Gilio, L; Simonelli, I; Musella, A; Mandolesi, G; De Vito, F; Furlan, R; Finardi, A; Marfia, Ga; Centonze, D; Buttari, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/306407
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