In this study, nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots (NS-CDs) were investigated for the detection of heavy metals in water through absorption-based colorimetric response. NS-CDs were synthesized by a simple one-pot hydrothermal method and characterized by TEM, STEM-coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, NMR, and IR spectroscopy. Addition of Cu(II) ions to NS-CD aqueous solutions gave origin to a distinct absorption band at 660 nm which was attributed to the formation of cuprammonium complexes through coordination with amino functional groups of NS-CDs. Absorbance increased linearly with Cu(II) concentration in the range 1–100 µM and enabled a limit of detection of 200 nM. No response was observed with the other tested metals, including Fe(III) which, however, appreciably decreased sensitivity to copper. Increase of pH of the NS-CD solution up to 9.5 greatly reduced this interference effect and enhanced the response to Cu(II), thus confirming the different nature of the two interactions. In addition, a concurrent response to Co(II) appeared in a different spectral region, thus suggesting the possibility of dual-species multiple sensitivity. The present method neither requires any other reagents nor any previous assay treatment and thus can be a promising candidate for low-cost monitoring of copper onsite and by unskilled personnel.

Bisauriya, R., Antonaroli, S., Ardini, M., Angelucci, F., Ricci, A., Pizzoferrato, R. (2022). Tuning the sensing properties of N and S Co-doped carbon dots for colorimetric detection of copper and cobalt in water. SENSORS, 22(7) [10.3390/s22072487].

Tuning the sensing properties of N and S Co-doped carbon dots for colorimetric detection of copper and cobalt in water

Antonaroli S.;Pizzoferrato R.
2022

Abstract

In this study, nitrogen and sulfur co-doped carbon dots (NS-CDs) were investigated for the detection of heavy metals in water through absorption-based colorimetric response. NS-CDs were synthesized by a simple one-pot hydrothermal method and characterized by TEM, STEM-coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis, NMR, and IR spectroscopy. Addition of Cu(II) ions to NS-CD aqueous solutions gave origin to a distinct absorption band at 660 nm which was attributed to the formation of cuprammonium complexes through coordination with amino functional groups of NS-CDs. Absorbance increased linearly with Cu(II) concentration in the range 1–100 µM and enabled a limit of detection of 200 nM. No response was observed with the other tested metals, including Fe(III) which, however, appreciably decreased sensitivity to copper. Increase of pH of the NS-CD solution up to 9.5 greatly reduced this interference effect and enhanced the response to Cu(II), thus confirming the different nature of the two interactions. In addition, a concurrent response to Co(II) appeared in a different spectral region, thus suggesting the possibility of dual-species multiple sensitivity. The present method neither requires any other reagents nor any previous assay treatment and thus can be a promising candidate for low-cost monitoring of copper onsite and by unskilled personnel.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore FIS/01
Settore FIS/07
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Colorimetry; Divalent copper; N and S co-doped carbon dots; Optical sensing; Water quality; Carbon; Quantum Dots; Copper
Bisauriya, R., Antonaroli, S., Ardini, M., Angelucci, F., Ricci, A., Pizzoferrato, R. (2022). Tuning the sensing properties of N and S Co-doped carbon dots for colorimetric detection of copper and cobalt in water. SENSORS, 22(7) [10.3390/s22072487].
Bisauriya, R; Antonaroli, S; Ardini, M; Angelucci, F; Ricci, A; Pizzoferrato, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/305479
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