Solar flares emanate from solar active regions hosting complex and strong bipolar magnetic fluxes. Estimating the probability of an active region to flare and defining reliable precursors of intense flares are extremely challenging tasks in the space weather field. In this work, we focus on two metrics as flare precursors, the unsigned flux R, tested on Michelson Doppler Imager/Solar and Heliospheric Observatory data, one of the most used parameters for flare-forecasting applications, and a novel topological parameter D, representing the complexity of a solar active region. In greater detail, we propose an algorithm for the computation of the R value, which exploits the higher spatial resolution of Helioseismic Magnetic Imager maps. This algorithm leads to a differently computed R value, whose functionality is tested on a set of solar cycle 24 flares. Furthermore, we introduce a topological parameter based on the automatic recognition of magnetic polarity inversion lines in identified active regions and are able to evaluate its magnetic topological complexity. We use both a heuristic approach and a supervised machine-learning method to validate the effectiveness of these two descriptors to predict the occurrence of X- or M-class flares in a given solar active region during the following 24 hr period. Our feature ranking analysis shows that both parameters play a significant role in prediction performances. Moreover, the analysis demonstrates that the new topological parameter D is the only one, among 173 overall predictors, that is always present for all test subsets and is systematically ranked within the top 10 positions in all tests concerning the computation of the weights with which each predictor impacts the flare forecasting.

Cicogna, D., Berrilli, F., Calchetti, D., Del Moro, D., Giovannelli, L., Benvenuto, F., et al. (2021). Flare-forecasting algorithms based on high-gradient polarity inversion lines in active regions. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 915(1) [10.3847/1538-4357/abfafb].

Flare-forecasting algorithms based on high-gradient polarity inversion lines in active regions

Berrilli F.;Del Moro D.;Giovannelli L.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Solar flares emanate from solar active regions hosting complex and strong bipolar magnetic fluxes. Estimating the probability of an active region to flare and defining reliable precursors of intense flares are extremely challenging tasks in the space weather field. In this work, we focus on two metrics as flare precursors, the unsigned flux R, tested on Michelson Doppler Imager/Solar and Heliospheric Observatory data, one of the most used parameters for flare-forecasting applications, and a novel topological parameter D, representing the complexity of a solar active region. In greater detail, we propose an algorithm for the computation of the R value, which exploits the higher spatial resolution of Helioseismic Magnetic Imager maps. This algorithm leads to a differently computed R value, whose functionality is tested on a set of solar cycle 24 flares. Furthermore, we introduce a topological parameter based on the automatic recognition of magnetic polarity inversion lines in identified active regions and are able to evaluate its magnetic topological complexity. We use both a heuristic approach and a supervised machine-learning method to validate the effectiveness of these two descriptors to predict the occurrence of X- or M-class flares in a given solar active region during the following 24 hr period. Our feature ranking analysis shows that both parameters play a significant role in prediction performances. Moreover, the analysis demonstrates that the new topological parameter D is the only one, among 173 overall predictors, that is always present for all test subsets and is systematically ranked within the top 10 positions in all tests concerning the computation of the weights with which each predictor impacts the flare forecasting.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore FIS/05
English
Cicogna, D., Berrilli, F., Calchetti, D., Del Moro, D., Giovannelli, L., Benvenuto, F., et al. (2021). Flare-forecasting algorithms based on high-gradient polarity inversion lines in active regions. THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 915(1) [10.3847/1538-4357/abfafb].
Cicogna, D; Berrilli, F; Calchetti, D; Del Moro, D; Giovannelli, L; Benvenuto, F; Campi, C; Guastavino, S; Piana, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/303678
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