Sea cucumbers and sea urchins are promising candidates for aquaculture since they are high market value and low-trophic organisms. However, although they often co-exist in many marine habitats showing feeding interactions, there is currently a lack of investigations available regarding the co-culture of these organisms in Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA). The present study investigated, for the first time, the laboratory-scale feasibility of an integrated aquaculture between P. lividus and H. tubulosa, two of the most valuable Mediterranean echinoderms, through a four-month experiment.More specifically, three food sources with different fish meal concentrations were tested separately to sustain the integrated production in a land-based RAS (Recycling aquaculture system) of both co-cultured species: 1) completely vegetable diet (D-0), 2) vegetable diet with 20% of fish meal (D-20) and 3) vegetable diet with 40% of fish meal (D-40). Among these experimental diets D-20 (with 20% of fish meal supplement) was consumed more efficiently and sustained high growth rates for both co-cultured species. However, significant growth was detected with all experimental diets, indicating successful integrated aquaculture between sea urchins and sea cucumbers. The present study, therefore, suggested the existence of substantial benefits of an integrated aqua culture between these echinoderm species, that could promote the environmental and economic sustainability of their production on a large-scale. Our results showed, in fact, that less than 24% of the organic matter administered with the food remained as waste in our IMTA system after being ingested by the two trophic levels. The sea urchins ingested 87% of the food administered, absorbing 64% of the organic matter, whilst in the second step, the sea cucumbers consumed 54% of organic matter present in the sea urchin feces. Hence the aquaculture model investigated here was highly effective in reducing the total waste, at the same time providing added value in the form of sea cucumber biomass.

Grosso, L., Rakaj, A., Fianchini, A., Morroni, L., Cataudella, S., Scardi, M. (2021). Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system combining the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, as primary species, and the sea cucumber Holothuria tubulosa as extractive species. AQUACULTURE, 534, 736268 [10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.736268].

Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system combining the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, as primary species, and the sea cucumber Holothuria tubulosa as extractive species

Rakaj, A.
Conceptualization
;
Cataudella, S.;Scardi, M.
2021

Abstract

Sea cucumbers and sea urchins are promising candidates for aquaculture since they are high market value and low-trophic organisms. However, although they often co-exist in many marine habitats showing feeding interactions, there is currently a lack of investigations available regarding the co-culture of these organisms in Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA). The present study investigated, for the first time, the laboratory-scale feasibility of an integrated aquaculture between P. lividus and H. tubulosa, two of the most valuable Mediterranean echinoderms, through a four-month experiment.More specifically, three food sources with different fish meal concentrations were tested separately to sustain the integrated production in a land-based RAS (Recycling aquaculture system) of both co-cultured species: 1) completely vegetable diet (D-0), 2) vegetable diet with 20% of fish meal (D-20) and 3) vegetable diet with 40% of fish meal (D-40). Among these experimental diets D-20 (with 20% of fish meal supplement) was consumed more efficiently and sustained high growth rates for both co-cultured species. However, significant growth was detected with all experimental diets, indicating successful integrated aquaculture between sea urchins and sea cucumbers. The present study, therefore, suggested the existence of substantial benefits of an integrated aqua culture between these echinoderm species, that could promote the environmental and economic sustainability of their production on a large-scale. Our results showed, in fact, that less than 24% of the organic matter administered with the food remained as waste in our IMTA system after being ingested by the two trophic levels. The sea urchins ingested 87% of the food administered, absorbing 64% of the organic matter, whilst in the second step, the sea cucumbers consumed 54% of organic matter present in the sea urchin feces. Hence the aquaculture model investigated here was highly effective in reducing the total waste, at the same time providing added value in the form of sea cucumber biomass.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/07
English
Holothuria tubulosa
Paracentrotus lividus
Sea cucumber
Sea urchin
Echinoderms
IMTA
Waste bioremediation
Grosso, L., Rakaj, A., Fianchini, A., Morroni, L., Cataudella, S., Scardi, M. (2021). Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) system combining the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, as primary species, and the sea cucumber Holothuria tubulosa as extractive species. AQUACULTURE, 534, 736268 [10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.736268].
Grosso, L; Rakaj, A; Fianchini, A; Morroni, L; Cataudella, S; Scardi, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/303477
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