Forager focus on wild cereal plants has been documented in the core zone of domestication in southwestern Asia, while evidence for forager use of wild grass grains remains sporadic elsewhere. In this paper, we present starch grain and phytolith analyses of dental calculus from 60 Mesolithic and Early Neolithic individuals from five sites in the Danube Gorges of the central Balkans. This zone was inhabited by likely complex Holocene foragers for several millennia before the appearance of the first farmers ~6200 cal BC. We also analyzed forager ground stone tools for evidence of plant processing. Our results based on the study of dental calculus show that certain species of Poaceae (species of the genus Aegilops) were used since the Early Mesolithic, while ground stone tools exhibit traces of a developed grass grain processing technology. The adoption of domesticated plants in this region after ~6500 cal BC might have been eased by the existing familiarity with wild cereals.

Cristiani, E., Radini, A., Zupancich, A., Gismondi, A., D'Agostino, A., Ottoni, C., et al. (2021). Wild cereal grain consumption among Early Holocene foragers of the Balkans predates the arrival of agriculture. ELIFE, 10 [10.7554/eLife.72976].

Wild cereal grain consumption among Early Holocene foragers of the Balkans predates the arrival of agriculture

Gismondi A.;Ottoni C.;
2021

Abstract

Forager focus on wild cereal plants has been documented in the core zone of domestication in southwestern Asia, while evidence for forager use of wild grass grains remains sporadic elsewhere. In this paper, we present starch grain and phytolith analyses of dental calculus from 60 Mesolithic and Early Neolithic individuals from five sites in the Danube Gorges of the central Balkans. This zone was inhabited by likely complex Holocene foragers for several millennia before the appearance of the first farmers ~6200 cal BC. We also analyzed forager ground stone tools for evidence of plant processing. Our results based on the study of dental calculus show that certain species of Poaceae (species of the genus Aegilops) were used since the Early Mesolithic, while ground stone tools exhibit traces of a developed grass grain processing technology. The adoption of domesticated plants in this region after ~6500 cal BC might have been eased by the existing familiarity with wild cereals.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/01
English
Mesolithic foragers
dental calculus
ecology
none
plant biology
plant foods
stone tools
Cristiani, E., Radini, A., Zupancich, A., Gismondi, A., D'Agostino, A., Ottoni, C., et al. (2021). Wild cereal grain consumption among Early Holocene foragers of the Balkans predates the arrival of agriculture. ELIFE, 10 [10.7554/eLife.72976].
Cristiani, E; Radini, A; Zupancich, A; Gismondi, A; D'Agostino, A; Ottoni, C; Carra, M; Vukojicic, S; Constantinescu, M; Antonovic, D; Price, Td; Boric, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/288413
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