Several Klebsiella pneumoniae carpabenemase (KPC) gene mutations are associated with ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ-AVI) resistance. Here, we describe four Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae CAZ-AVI-resistant clinical isolates, collected at the University Hospital of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, from July 2019 to February 2020. These resistant strains were characterized as KPC-3, having the transition from cytosine to thymine (CAC-TAC) at nucleotide position 814, with histidine that replaces tyrosine (H272Y). In addition, two different types of KPC gene mutations were detected. The first one, common to three strains, was the D179Y (G532T), associated with CAZ-AVI resistance. The second mutation, found only in one strain, is a new mutation of the KPC-3 gene: a transversion from thymine to adenine (CTG-CAG) at nucleotide position 553. This mutation causes a KPC variant in which glutamine replaces leucine (Q168L). None of the isolates were detected by a rapid immunochromatographic assay for detection of carbapenemase (NG Biotech, Guipry, France) and were unable to grow on a selective chromogenic medium Carba SMART (bioMerieux, Firenze, Italy). Thus, they escaped common tests used for the prompt detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae KPC-producing.

Fontana, C., Favaro, M., Laura, C., Vincenzo, M., Silvia, M., Maria Cristina Bossa, ., et al. (2021). Ceftazidime/Avibactam-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae Isolates in a Tertiary Italian Hospital: Identification of a New Mutation of the Carbapenemase Type 3 (KPC-3) Gene Conferring Ceftazidime/Avibactam Resistance. MICROORGANISMS, 9(11), 2356 [10.3390/microorganisms9112356].

Ceftazidime/Avibactam-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae Isolates in a Tertiary Italian Hospital: Identification of a New Mutation of the Carbapenemase Type 3 (KPC-3) Gene Conferring Ceftazidime/Avibactam Resistance

Fontana C;Marco Favaro;Vincenzo Malagnino;Massimo Andreoni;loredana sarmati
2021-01-01

Abstract

Several Klebsiella pneumoniae carpabenemase (KPC) gene mutations are associated with ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ-AVI) resistance. Here, we describe four Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae CAZ-AVI-resistant clinical isolates, collected at the University Hospital of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy, from July 2019 to February 2020. These resistant strains were characterized as KPC-3, having the transition from cytosine to thymine (CAC-TAC) at nucleotide position 814, with histidine that replaces tyrosine (H272Y). In addition, two different types of KPC gene mutations were detected. The first one, common to three strains, was the D179Y (G532T), associated with CAZ-AVI resistance. The second mutation, found only in one strain, is a new mutation of the KPC-3 gene: a transversion from thymine to adenine (CTG-CAG) at nucleotide position 553. This mutation causes a KPC variant in which glutamine replaces leucine (Q168L). None of the isolates were detected by a rapid immunochromatographic assay for detection of carbapenemase (NG Biotech, Guipry, France) and were unable to grow on a selective chromogenic medium Carba SMART (bioMerieux, Firenze, Italy). Thus, they escaped common tests used for the prompt detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae KPC-producing.
2021
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/17 - MALATTIE INFETTIVE
English
Q168L substitution
antibiotic resistance
beta-lactamase inhibitors resistance
ceftazidime/avibactam
multi-drug resistance
Fontana, C., Favaro, M., Laura, C., Vincenzo, M., Silvia, M., Maria Cristina Bossa, ., et al. (2021). Ceftazidime/Avibactam-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae Isolates in a Tertiary Italian Hospital: Identification of a New Mutation of the Carbapenemase Type 3 (KPC-3) Gene Conferring Ceftazidime/Avibactam Resistance. MICROORGANISMS, 9(11), 2356 [10.3390/microorganisms9112356].
Fontana, C; Favaro, M; Laura, C; Vincenzo, M; Silvia, M; Maria Cristina Bossa, ; Anna, A; Andreoni, M; Sarmati, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/283767
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