Dried biofilms of Chroococcidiopsis sp. CCMEE 029 were revived after a 672-day exposure to space vacuum outside the International Space Station during the EXPOSE-R2 space mission. After retrieval, they were air- dried stored for 3.5 years. Space vacuum reduced cell viability and increased DNA damage compared to air- dried storage for 6 years under laboratory conditions. Long exposure times to space vacuum and extreme dryness decrease the changes of survival that ultimately depend on DNA damage repair upon rehydration, and hence, an in silico analysis of Chroococcidiopsis sp. CCMEE 029’s genome was performed with a focus on DNA repair pathways. The analysis identified a high number of genes that encode proteins of the homologous recombination RecF pathway and base excision repair that were over-expressed during 1 and 6 h rehydration of space-vacuum exposed biofilms. This suggests that Chroococcidiopsis developed a survival strategy against desiccation, with DNA repair playing a key role, which allowed the revival of biofilms exposed to space vacuum. Unravelling how long anhydrobiotic cyanobacteria can persist under space vacuum followed by prolonged air-dried storage is relevant to future astrobiological experiments that use space platforms and might require prolonged air-dried storage of the exposed samples before retrieval to Earth.

Mosca, C., Fagliarone, C., Napoli, A., Rabbow, E., Rettberg, P., Billi, D. (2021). Revival of anhydrobiotic cyanobacterium biofilms exposed to space vacuum and prolonged dryness: Implications for future missions beyond low Earth orbit. ASTROBIOLOGY [10.1089/ast.2020.2359].

Revival of anhydrobiotic cyanobacterium biofilms exposed to space vacuum and prolonged dryness: Implications for future missions beyond low Earth orbit.

Fagliarone C;Billi D
2021

Abstract

Dried biofilms of Chroococcidiopsis sp. CCMEE 029 were revived after a 672-day exposure to space vacuum outside the International Space Station during the EXPOSE-R2 space mission. After retrieval, they were air- dried stored for 3.5 years. Space vacuum reduced cell viability and increased DNA damage compared to air- dried storage for 6 years under laboratory conditions. Long exposure times to space vacuum and extreme dryness decrease the changes of survival that ultimately depend on DNA damage repair upon rehydration, and hence, an in silico analysis of Chroococcidiopsis sp. CCMEE 029’s genome was performed with a focus on DNA repair pathways. The analysis identified a high number of genes that encode proteins of the homologous recombination RecF pathway and base excision repair that were over-expressed during 1 and 6 h rehydration of space-vacuum exposed biofilms. This suggests that Chroococcidiopsis developed a survival strategy against desiccation, with DNA repair playing a key role, which allowed the revival of biofilms exposed to space vacuum. Unravelling how long anhydrobiotic cyanobacteria can persist under space vacuum followed by prolonged air-dried storage is relevant to future astrobiological experiments that use space platforms and might require prolonged air-dried storage of the exposed samples before retrieval to Earth.
Online ahead of print
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/01
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Mosca, C., Fagliarone, C., Napoli, A., Rabbow, E., Rettberg, P., Billi, D. (2021). Revival of anhydrobiotic cyanobacterium biofilms exposed to space vacuum and prolonged dryness: Implications for future missions beyond low Earth orbit. ASTROBIOLOGY [10.1089/ast.2020.2359].
Mosca, C; Fagliarone, C; Napoli, A; Rabbow, E; Rettberg, P; Billi, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/283659
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