Potatoes are one of the main sources of carbohydrates in human diet, however they have a high glycaemic index (GI). Hence, developing new agricultural and industrial strategies to produce low GI potatoes represents a health priority to prevent obesity and related diseases. In this work, we investigated whether treatments of potato plants with elicitors of plant defence responses can lead to a reduction of tuber starch availability and digestibility, through the induction of cell wall remodelling and stiffening. Treatments with phosphites (KPhi) and borate were performed, as they are known to activate plant defence responses that cause modifications in the architecture and composition of the plant cell wall. Data of suberin autofluorescence demonstrated that potato plants grown in a nutrition medium supplemented with KPhi and borate produced tubers with a thicker periderm, while pectin staining demonstrated that KPhi treatment induced a reinforcement of the wall of storage parenchyma cells. Both compounds elicited the production of H2O2, which is usually involved in cell-wall remodelling and stiffening reactions while only KPhi caused an increase of the total content of phenolic compounds. A two-phase digestion in vitro assay showed that treatment with KPhi determined a significant decrease of the starch hydrolysis rate in potato tubers. This work highlights the ability of cell wall architecture in modulating starch accessibility to digestive enzymes, paving the way for new agronomic practices to produce low GI index potatoes.

Fiorillo, A., Fogliano, V., Marra, M., Camoni, L. (2021). Borate and phosphite treatments of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) as a proof of concept to reinforce the cell wall structure and reduce starch digestibility. FOOD & FUNCTION, 12(19), 9372-9379 [10.1039/d1fo00801c].

Borate and phosphite treatments of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) as a proof of concept to reinforce the cell wall structure and reduce starch digestibility

Fiorillo, A;Marra, M
;
Camoni, L
2021-01-01

Abstract

Potatoes are one of the main sources of carbohydrates in human diet, however they have a high glycaemic index (GI). Hence, developing new agricultural and industrial strategies to produce low GI potatoes represents a health priority to prevent obesity and related diseases. In this work, we investigated whether treatments of potato plants with elicitors of plant defence responses can lead to a reduction of tuber starch availability and digestibility, through the induction of cell wall remodelling and stiffening. Treatments with phosphites (KPhi) and borate were performed, as they are known to activate plant defence responses that cause modifications in the architecture and composition of the plant cell wall. Data of suberin autofluorescence demonstrated that potato plants grown in a nutrition medium supplemented with KPhi and borate produced tubers with a thicker periderm, while pectin staining demonstrated that KPhi treatment induced a reinforcement of the wall of storage parenchyma cells. Both compounds elicited the production of H2O2, which is usually involved in cell-wall remodelling and stiffening reactions while only KPhi caused an increase of the total content of phenolic compounds. A two-phase digestion in vitro assay showed that treatment with KPhi determined a significant decrease of the starch hydrolysis rate in potato tubers. This work highlights the ability of cell wall architecture in modulating starch accessibility to digestive enzymes, paving the way for new agronomic practices to produce low GI index potatoes.
2021
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/04 - FISIOLOGIA VEGETALE
Settore AGR/15 - Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Fiorillo, A., Fogliano, V., Marra, M., Camoni, L. (2021). Borate and phosphite treatments of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.) as a proof of concept to reinforce the cell wall structure and reduce starch digestibility. FOOD & FUNCTION, 12(19), 9372-9379 [10.1039/d1fo00801c].
Fiorillo, A; Fogliano, V; Marra, M; Camoni, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/281195
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