Background Metabolic syndrome certainly favors growth of carotid plaque; however, it is uncertain if it determines plaque destabilization. Furthermore, it is likely that only some components of metabolic syndrome are associated with increased risk of plaque destabilization. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of different elements of metabolic syndrome, individually and in association, on carotid plaques destabilization. Methods A total of 186 carotid endarterectomies from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients were histologically analysed and correlated with major cardiovascular risk factors. Results Metabolic syndrome, regardless of the cluster of its components, is not associated with a significant increase in risk of plaque destabilization, rather with the presence of stable plaques. The incidence of unstable plaques in patients with metabolic syndrome is quite low (43.9 %), when compared with that seen in the presence of some risk factors, but significantly increases in the subgroup of female patients with hypertriglyceridemia, showing an odds ratio of 3.01 (95% CI, 0.25-36.30). Conclusions Our data may help to identify patients with real increased risk of acute cerebrovascular diseases thus supporting the hypothesis that the control of hypertriglyceridemia should be a key point on prevention of carotid atherosclerotic plaque destabilization, especially in post-menopausal female patients.

Servadei, F., Anemona, L., Cardellini, M., Scimeca, M., Montanaro, M., Rovella, V., et al. (2021). The risk of carotid plaque instability in patients with metabolic syndrome is higher in women with hypertriglyceridemia. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 20(1), 98 [10.1186/s12933-021-01277-8].

The risk of carotid plaque instability in patients with metabolic syndrome is higher in women with hypertriglyceridemia

Servadei, Francesca;Anemona, Lucia;Cardellini, Marina;Scimeca, Manuel;Rovella, Valentina;Giacobbi, Erica;Noce, Annalisa;Bonfiglio, Rita;Borboni, Patrizia;Di Daniele, Nicola;Ippoliti, Arnaldo;Federici, Massimo;Mauriello, Alessandro
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background Metabolic syndrome certainly favors growth of carotid plaque; however, it is uncertain if it determines plaque destabilization. Furthermore, it is likely that only some components of metabolic syndrome are associated with increased risk of plaque destabilization. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of different elements of metabolic syndrome, individually and in association, on carotid plaques destabilization. Methods A total of 186 carotid endarterectomies from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients were histologically analysed and correlated with major cardiovascular risk factors. Results Metabolic syndrome, regardless of the cluster of its components, is not associated with a significant increase in risk of plaque destabilization, rather with the presence of stable plaques. The incidence of unstable plaques in patients with metabolic syndrome is quite low (43.9 %), when compared with that seen in the presence of some risk factors, but significantly increases in the subgroup of female patients with hypertriglyceridemia, showing an odds ratio of 3.01 (95% CI, 0.25-36.30). Conclusions Our data may help to identify patients with real increased risk of acute cerebrovascular diseases thus supporting the hypothesis that the control of hypertriglyceridemia should be a key point on prevention of carotid atherosclerotic plaque destabilization, especially in post-menopausal female patients.
2021
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/09 - MEDICINA INTERNA
English
Carotid
Histology
Hypertriglyceridemia
Metabolic syndrome
Post‐menopause
Servadei, F., Anemona, L., Cardellini, M., Scimeca, M., Montanaro, M., Rovella, V., et al. (2021). The risk of carotid plaque instability in patients with metabolic syndrome is higher in women with hypertriglyceridemia. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 20(1), 98 [10.1186/s12933-021-01277-8].
Servadei, F; Anemona, L; Cardellini, M; Scimeca, M; Montanaro, M; Rovella, V; Di Daniele, F; Giacobbi, E; Legramante, Im; Noce, A; Bonfiglio, R; Borboni, P; Di Daniele, N; Ippoliti, A; Federici, M; Mauriello, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/279434
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