The effective mobility of hydroxide, chloride and fluoride ions is reported in various anion exchange membranes (AEM) with a backbone of polysulfone (PSU) or poly (2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene)oxide (PPO). The concentration dependence of the effective mobility is used to derive the porosity CO, tortuosity CO, and percolation thresholds and to plot the ionic conductivity vs the hydration number. Semi-logarithmic plots of the effective ion mobility u(i) vs the square root of concentration root c(i) for hydroxide, fluoride and chloride ions in various PSU-and PPO-based ionomers at 25 and 60 degrees C show linear relations, from which the ratio pi/tau can be determined. This existence of linear u(i) = f(root c(i)) plots is related to the very particular boundary conditions experienced by mobile ions, migrating in close vicinity to the immobile grafted counter-ions placed at the interfaces between polymer domains and electrolyte solution. The pi/tau values for PSU-QA (0.29) and PPO-QA (0.38) are consistent with a relatively low hydrophilic-hydrophobic nanophase separation, which leads to channels with low diameter and high tortuosity. The tortuosity determined from a Bruggeman-type relation is 1.9 for PSU-QA and 1.6 for PPO-QA. The percolation thresholds phi(H2,O,p,), determined from the universal percolation equation near and above phi(H2,O,p,) are at a water volume fraction of 0.07 for PSU-TMA and 0.03 for PPO-QA indicating that these AEM have a two-dimensional structure of the hydrated domains. The prefactor, which should represent a good indication as to the maximum achievable ionic conductivity, is slightly below 100 mS/cm for both PSU-TMA and PPO-based ionomers. Plots of experimental and computed hydroxide and chloride ion conductivities as function of the hydration number (lambda) show a maximum ionic conductivity for a value of the hydration number around 60, corresponding to optimal hydration conditions. At lambda = 100, the ratio of conductivity between PSU-QA (OH- form) and PPO-QA (Cl- form) indicates that the degree of dissociation of ion pairs is about 30% lower for hydroxide than for chloride ions, which is consistent with the effective ionic radii of Cl- and OH-.
Knauth, P., Pasquini, L., Narducci, R., Sgreccia, E., Becerra-Arciniegas, R.-., & Di Vona, M.L. (2021). Effective ion mobility in anion exchange ionomers: Relations with hydration, porosity, tortuosity, and percolation. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, 617 [10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118622].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Knauth, P., Pasquini, L., Narducci, R., Sgreccia, E., Becerra-Arciniegas, R.-., & Di Vona, M.L. (2021). Effective ion mobility in anion exchange ionomers: Relations with hydration, porosity, tortuosity, and percolation. JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, 617 [10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118622].|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/07|
Settore CHIM/05 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali Polimerici
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2020.118622|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Titolo:||Effective ion mobility in anion exchange ionomers: Relations with hydration, porosity, tortuosity, and percolation|
|Autori:||Knauth, P; Pasquini, L; Narducci, R; Sgreccia, E; Becerra-Arciniegas, R-; Di Vona, ML|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|