This study aims to offer a palaeobiological reconstruction of the Early Medieval (8th–10th centuries CE) population of Colonna, a small town close to Rome. Archaeological excavations, conducted between June 2007 and January 2008, investigated a 1200 m2 area, unearthing 73 graves. Morphological and biomolecular analyses have been conducted in order to reconstruct not only biological features but also standards of living, diet and health status to reach a full bioarchaeological reconstruction of this Medieval population. The minimumnumber of individuals (MNI) is 144: 62% adults and 38% sub-adults. Among adults there is a higher number of males than females (M:F=1.41), butwith lowsexual dimorphism. All the age classes are represented even ifamong sub-adultsmortality is higher in 3 to 9 year old children,whereas in the adult sample differences in mortality between sexes are probably linked to pregnancy and childbirth. Muscle markers indicating heavy and strenuous daily activities as well as evidence for poor sanitary and hygienic conditionswere noted. Furthermore, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of bone collagen from 58 individuals (44 adults, 14 sub-adults) and 7 faunal remains revealed a predominantly terrestrial diet with probably higher animal protein consumption by adult males, suggesting social differentiation within the Colonna community.

Baldoni, M., Nardi, A., Muldner, G., Lelli, R., Gnes, M., Ferraresi, F., et al. (2016). Archaeo-biological reconstruction of the Italian medieval population of Colonna (8th–10th centuries CE). JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE: REPORTS, 10, 483-494 [10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.11.013].

Archaeo-biological reconstruction of the Italian medieval population of Colonna (8th–10th centuries CE)

Baldoni M.;Nardi A.;Gnes M.;Cerino P.;Manenti G.;Rickards O.;Martinez-Labarga C.
2016

Abstract

This study aims to offer a palaeobiological reconstruction of the Early Medieval (8th–10th centuries CE) population of Colonna, a small town close to Rome. Archaeological excavations, conducted between June 2007 and January 2008, investigated a 1200 m2 area, unearthing 73 graves. Morphological and biomolecular analyses have been conducted in order to reconstruct not only biological features but also standards of living, diet and health status to reach a full bioarchaeological reconstruction of this Medieval population. The minimumnumber of individuals (MNI) is 144: 62% adults and 38% sub-adults. Among adults there is a higher number of males than females (M:F=1.41), butwith lowsexual dimorphism. All the age classes are represented even ifamong sub-adultsmortality is higher in 3 to 9 year old children,whereas in the adult sample differences in mortality between sexes are probably linked to pregnancy and childbirth. Muscle markers indicating heavy and strenuous daily activities as well as evidence for poor sanitary and hygienic conditionswere noted. Furthermore, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analysis of bone collagen from 58 individuals (44 adults, 14 sub-adults) and 7 faunal remains revealed a predominantly terrestrial diet with probably higher animal protein consumption by adult males, suggesting social differentiation within the Colonna community.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/08
English
Middle Ages Skeletal biology Stable isotopes analysis Palaeodiet Collagen, occupational stress markers Colonna
Baldoni, M., Nardi, A., Muldner, G., Lelli, R., Gnes, M., Ferraresi, F., et al. (2016). Archaeo-biological reconstruction of the Italian medieval population of Colonna (8th–10th centuries CE). JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE: REPORTS, 10, 483-494 [10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.11.013].
Baldoni, M; Nardi, A; Muldner, G; Lelli, R; Gnes, M; Ferraresi, F; Meloni, V; Cerino, P; Greco, S; Manenti, G; Angle, M; Rickards, O; Martinez-Labarga, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/272050
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