Flavonoids display a broad range of structures and are responsible for the major organoleptic characteristics of plant-derived foods and beverages. Recent data showed their activity, and in particular of luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LUT-7G), in reduction of oxidative stress and inflammatory mechanisms in different physiological systems. In this paper, we tried to elucidate how LUT-7G could exert both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects in endothelial cells cultured in vitro. Here, we showed that LUT-7G is able to inhibit the STAT3 pathway, to have an antiproliferative action, and an important antioxidant property in HUVEC cells. These properties are exerted by the flavone in endothelial through the transcriptional repression of a number of inflammatory cytokines and their receptors, and by the inhibition of ROS generation. ROS and STAT3 activation has been correlated with the production of oxysterols and other hydroxylated fatty acids, and they have been recognized important as players of atherogenesis and cardiocirculatory system diseases. The analysis of the general production pathway of these hydroxylated species, showed a strong decrease of cholesterol hydroxylated species such as 7-alpha-hydroxicholesterol, 7-beta-hydroxicholesterol by the treatment with LUT-7G. This confirms the anti-inflammatory properties of LUT-7G also in the endothelial district, showing for the first time the molecular pathway that verify previous postulated cardiovascular benefits of this flavone.
De Stefano, A., Caporali, S., Di Daniele, N., Rovella, V., Cardillo, C., Schinzari, F., et al. (2021). Anti-inflammatory and proliferative properties of luteolin-7-O-glucoside. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 22(3), 1-19.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||De Stefano, A., Caporali, S., Di Daniele, N., Rovella, V., Cardillo, C., Schinzari, F., et al. (2021). Anti-inflammatory and proliferative properties of luteolin-7-O-glucoside. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 22(3), 1-19.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms22031321|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-feb-2021|
|Titolo:||Anti-inflammatory and proliferative properties of luteolin-7-O-glucoside|
|Autori:||De Stefano, A; Caporali, S; Di Daniele, N; Rovella, V; Cardillo, C; Schinzari, F; Minieri, M; Pieri, M; Candi, E; Bernardini, S; Tesauro, M; Terrinoni, A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|