Skeletal muscle tissue is characterized by restrained self-regenerative capabilities, being ineffective in relation to trauma extension both in time span (e.g., chronic diseases) and in size (e.g., large trauma). For these reasons, tissue engineering and/or cellular therapies represent a valuable solution in the cases where the physiological healing process failed. Satellite cells, the putative skeletal muscle stem cells, have been the first solution explored to remedy the insufficient self-regeneration capacity. Nevertheless, some limitation related to donor age, muscle condition, expansion hitch, and myogenic potentiality maintenance have limited their use as therapeutic tool. To overcome this hindrance, different stem cells population with myogenic capabilities have been investigated to evaluate their real potentiality for therapeutic approaches, but, as of today, the perfect cell candidate has not been identified yet. In this work, we analyze the characteristics of skeletal muscle-derived human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hMSCs), showing the maintenance/increment of myogenic activity upon differential culture conditions. In particular, we investigate the influence of a commercial enriched growth medium (Cyto-Grow), and of a medium enriched with either human-derived serum (H.S.) or human Platelet-rich Plasma (PrP), in order to set up a culture protocol useful for employing this cell population in clinical therapeutic strategies. The presented results reveal that both the enriched medium (Cyto-Grow) and the human-derived supplements (H.S. and PrP) have remarkable effects on hMSCs proliferation and myogenic differentiation compared to standard condition, uncovering the real possibility to exploit these human derivatives to ameliorate stem cells yield and efficacy.
Testa, S., Riera, C.S., Fornetti, E., Riccio, F., Fuoco, C., Bernardini, S., et al. (2020). Skeletal Muscle-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Influence of Different Culture Conditions on Proliferative and Myogenic Capabilities. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 11, 553198.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Testa, S., Riera, C.S., Fornetti, E., Riccio, F., Fuoco, C., Bernardini, S., et al. (2020). Skeletal Muscle-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Influence of Different Culture Conditions on Proliferative and Myogenic Capabilities. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 11, 553198.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/06|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2020.553198|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||16-set-2020|
|Titolo:||Skeletal Muscle-Derived Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Influence of Different Culture Conditions on Proliferative and Myogenic Capabilities|
|Autori:||Testa, S; Riera, CS; Fornetti, E; Riccio, F; Fuoco, C; Bernardini, S; Baldi, J; Costantini, M; Foddai, ML; Cannata, S; Gargioli, C|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|