Different composite materials made of mixed protonic/electronic conductors, SrCe0.9Yb0.1O3-delta (10YbSC) or BaCe0.9Yb0.1O3-delta (10YbBC), and a mixed oxygen-ion/electronic conductor, La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF), were investigated for cathode application in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCS) using a high temperature proton conducting BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-delta electrolyte. Only the LSCF/10YbBC composite was found to be chemically stable. Area specific resistance (ASR) measurements were performed in wet air for LSCF/10YbBC cathodes, changing the weight ratio between the phases and the sintering procedure. The best performance was obtained for the composite cathode containing 50 wt.-% of LSCF and 50 wt.-% of 10YbBC, sintered at 1,100 degrees C. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements of the tested cathodes showed two depressed semicircles in the middle and low frequency range, respectively. Performing ASR measurements at different po(2) allowed us to attribute the two semicircles to charge transfer and oxygen diffusion processes, respectively. The microstructure of the LSCF/10YbBC(1:1) composite cathode was optimised changing the ratio of the particle sizes between the two phases. The lowest ASR values (0.14 Omega cm(2) at 700 degrees C) were observed for the LSCF/10YbBC(1:1) composite cathode with different particle size (sub-micrometer particles for LSCF and nanometer particles for 10YbBC). Fuel cell polarisation curves demonstrated superior performance of the LSCF/10YbBC (1:1) cathode with respect to Pt.

Fabbri, E., Licoccia, S., Traversa, E., Wachsman, E. (2009). Composite cathodes for proton conducting electrolytes. FUEL CELLS, 9(2), 128-138 [10.1002/fuce.200800126].

Composite cathodes for proton conducting electrolytes

LICOCCIA, SILVIA;TRAVERSA, ENRICO;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Different composite materials made of mixed protonic/electronic conductors, SrCe0.9Yb0.1O3-delta (10YbSC) or BaCe0.9Yb0.1O3-delta (10YbBC), and a mixed oxygen-ion/electronic conductor, La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3 (LSCF), were investigated for cathode application in intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCS) using a high temperature proton conducting BaCe0.8Y0.2O3-delta electrolyte. Only the LSCF/10YbBC composite was found to be chemically stable. Area specific resistance (ASR) measurements were performed in wet air for LSCF/10YbBC cathodes, changing the weight ratio between the phases and the sintering procedure. The best performance was obtained for the composite cathode containing 50 wt.-% of LSCF and 50 wt.-% of 10YbBC, sintered at 1,100 degrees C. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements of the tested cathodes showed two depressed semicircles in the middle and low frequency range, respectively. Performing ASR measurements at different po(2) allowed us to attribute the two semicircles to charge transfer and oxygen diffusion processes, respectively. The microstructure of the LSCF/10YbBC(1:1) composite cathode was optimised changing the ratio of the particle sizes between the two phases. The lowest ASR values (0.14 Omega cm(2) at 700 degrees C) were observed for the LSCF/10YbBC(1:1) composite cathode with different particle size (sub-micrometer particles for LSCF and nanometer particles for 10YbBC). Fuel cell polarisation curves demonstrated superior performance of the LSCF/10YbBC (1:1) cathode with respect to Pt.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Sì, ma tipo non specificato
Settore CHIM/07 - Fondamenti Chimici delle Tecnologie
Settore ING-IND/22 - Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Area specific resistance; Cathode; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; High temperature proton conductor (HTCP) electrolyte; IT-SOFCs
Fabbri, E., Licoccia, S., Traversa, E., Wachsman, E. (2009). Composite cathodes for proton conducting electrolytes. FUEL CELLS, 9(2), 128-138 [10.1002/fuce.200800126].
Fabbri, E; Licoccia, S; Traversa, E; Wachsman, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/25634
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