Context: Spasticity is one of the most common secondary impairment after spinal cord injury (SCI). It can lead to an increase in the level of disability. The functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES-cycling) promotes recovery in patients with SCI. No systematic review has been published examining the influence of FES-cycling on the spasticity of lower extremities post-SCI. Objective: This review aimed to investigate the effects of the FES-cycling on the lower extremities spasticity in patients with SCI. Methods: PubMed, Scopus, PEDro, REHABDATA, Web of Science, and MEDLINE were searched until December 2019. The methodological quality was assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Results: Ten studies were met the inclusion criteria. Two were randomized clinical trials, cohort study (n = 2), and pilot study (n=6). The scores on the PEDro scale ranged from one to nine, with a median score of three. The results showed evidence for the beneficial effects of FES-cycling on the spasticity of lower extremities in individuals with SCI. Conclusion: The FES-cycling intervention may reduce the lower extremities spasticity in patients with various injury levels of SCI. It is not a suitable intervention for medically unstable patients or with contraindication for lower extremities movement. Further randomized controlled trials with a large sample size strongly warranted to confirm our findings.

Alashram, A., Annino, G., Mercuri, N. (2020). Changes in spasticity following functional electrical stimulation cycling in patients with spinal cord injury: A systematic review. THE JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 1-14 [10.1080/10790268.2020.1763713].

Changes in spasticity following functional electrical stimulation cycling in patients with spinal cord injury: A systematic review

Annino, G;Mercuri, NB
2020-05-01

Abstract

Context: Spasticity is one of the most common secondary impairment after spinal cord injury (SCI). It can lead to an increase in the level of disability. The functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES-cycling) promotes recovery in patients with SCI. No systematic review has been published examining the influence of FES-cycling on the spasticity of lower extremities post-SCI. Objective: This review aimed to investigate the effects of the FES-cycling on the lower extremities spasticity in patients with SCI. Methods: PubMed, Scopus, PEDro, REHABDATA, Web of Science, and MEDLINE were searched until December 2019. The methodological quality was assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Results: Ten studies were met the inclusion criteria. Two were randomized clinical trials, cohort study (n = 2), and pilot study (n=6). The scores on the PEDro scale ranged from one to nine, with a median score of three. The results showed evidence for the beneficial effects of FES-cycling on the spasticity of lower extremities in individuals with SCI. Conclusion: The FES-cycling intervention may reduce the lower extremities spasticity in patients with various injury levels of SCI. It is not a suitable intervention for medically unstable patients or with contraindication for lower extremities movement. Further randomized controlled trials with a large sample size strongly warranted to confirm our findings.
Online ahead of print
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore M-EDF/01
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Spinal cord injury
Electrical stimulation
Spasticity
Bicycling
Rehabilitation
Muscle spasm
Alashram, A., Annino, G., Mercuri, N. (2020). Changes in spasticity following functional electrical stimulation cycling in patients with spinal cord injury: A systematic review. THE JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE, 1-14 [10.1080/10790268.2020.1763713].
Alashram, A; Annino, G; Mercuri, N
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/255627
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