In turbulent Rayleigh- Benard ( RB) convection with regular, mono- scale, surface roughness, the scaling exponent fi in the relationship between the Nusselt number Nu and the Rayleigh number Ra, Nu Ra fi can be 1 = 2 locally, provided that Ra is large enough to ensure that the thermal boundary layer thickness is comparable to the roughness height. However, at even larger Ra, becomes thin enough to follow the irregular surface and fi saturates back to the value for smooth walls ( Zhu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 119, 2017, 154501). In this paper, we prevent this saturation by employing multiscale roughness. We perform direct numerical simulations of two- dimensional RB convection using an immersed boundary method to capture the rough plates. We find that, for rough boundaries that contain three distinct length scales, a scaling exponent of fi D 0 : 49 0 : 02 can be sustained for at least three decades of Ra. The physical reason is that the threshold Ra at which the scaling exponent fi saturates back to the smooth wall value is pushed to larger Ra, when the smaller roughness elements fully protrude through the thermal boundary layer. The multiscale roughness employed here may better resemble the irregular surfaces that are encountered in geophysical flows and in some industrial applications.

Zhu, X., Stevens, R., Shishkina, O., Verzicco, R., Lohse, D. (2019). scaling enabled by multiscale wall roughness in Rayleigh–Bénard turbulence. JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, 869 [10.1017/jfm.2019.228].

scaling enabled by multiscale wall roughness in Rayleigh–Bénard turbulence

Verzicco, Roberto;
2019

Abstract

In turbulent Rayleigh- Benard ( RB) convection with regular, mono- scale, surface roughness, the scaling exponent fi in the relationship between the Nusselt number Nu and the Rayleigh number Ra, Nu Ra fi can be 1 = 2 locally, provided that Ra is large enough to ensure that the thermal boundary layer thickness is comparable to the roughness height. However, at even larger Ra, becomes thin enough to follow the irregular surface and fi saturates back to the value for smooth walls ( Zhu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 119, 2017, 154501). In this paper, we prevent this saturation by employing multiscale roughness. We perform direct numerical simulations of two- dimensional RB convection using an immersed boundary method to capture the rough plates. We find that, for rough boundaries that contain three distinct length scales, a scaling exponent of fi D 0 : 49 0 : 02 can be sustained for at least three decades of Ra. The physical reason is that the threshold Ra at which the scaling exponent fi saturates back to the smooth wall value is pushed to larger Ra, when the smaller roughness elements fully protrude through the thermal boundary layer. The multiscale roughness employed here may better resemble the irregular surfaces that are encountered in geophysical flows and in some industrial applications.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore ING-IND/06
English
Benard convection; turbulent convection
Zhu, X., Stevens, R., Shishkina, O., Verzicco, R., Lohse, D. (2019). scaling enabled by multiscale wall roughness in Rayleigh–Bénard turbulence. JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS, 869 [10.1017/jfm.2019.228].
Zhu, X; Stevens, Rjam; Shishkina, O; Verzicco, R; Lohse, D
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/243719
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