Background and aims: To systematically review the latest evidence on established and emerging nutrition-related risk factors for incidence of and mortality from total, ischemic and haemorrhagic strokes.The present review was conducted in the framework of the work carried out through 2015 and 2016 for the preparation of the Italian Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Stroke, 8th Edition, by ISO-SPREAD (Italian Stroke Organization and the Stroke Prevention and Educational Awareness Diffusion).Methods and results: Systematic review of articles focused on primary prevention of stroke published between January 2013 to May 2016 through an extensive search of the literature using MEDLINE/PUBMED, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Articles were ranked according to the SIGN methodology while the GRADE system was used to establish the strength of recommendations.As a result of our literature search, we examined 87 meta-analyses overall (mainly of prospective studies), a few isolated more recent prospective studies not included in the meta-analyses, and a smaller number of available randomized controlled trials and caseecontrol studies. Based on the analysis of the above articles, 36 Syntheses of the available evidence and 36 Recommendations were eventually prepared.The present documentwas developed by organizing the available evidence into three individual areas (nutrients, food groups and dietary patterns) to provide a systematic and user-friendly overview of the available evidence on the relationship between nutrition and primary prevention of stroke. Yet analysis of foods and food patterns allowed translating the information about nutrients in a tool more amenable to use in daily life also in the light of the argument that people eat foods rather than nutrients. Conclusions: The present literature review and dietary recommendations provide healthcare professionals and all interested readers with a useful overview for the reduction of the risk of total, ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke through dietary modifications. (C) 2018 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Iacoviello, L., Bonaccio, M., Cairella, G., Catani, M.V., Costanzo, S., D'Elia, L., et al. (2018). Diet and primary prevention of stroke: Systematic review and dietary recommendations by the ad hoc Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 28(4), 309-334 [10.1016/j.numecd.2017.12.010].

Diet and primary prevention of stroke: Systematic review and dietary recommendations by the ad hoc Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition

Catani M. V.;Savini I.;CASINI, ANTONIO;Garbagnati F.;Casini A.;
2018

Abstract

Background and aims: To systematically review the latest evidence on established and emerging nutrition-related risk factors for incidence of and mortality from total, ischemic and haemorrhagic strokes.The present review was conducted in the framework of the work carried out through 2015 and 2016 for the preparation of the Italian Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Stroke, 8th Edition, by ISO-SPREAD (Italian Stroke Organization and the Stroke Prevention and Educational Awareness Diffusion).Methods and results: Systematic review of articles focused on primary prevention of stroke published between January 2013 to May 2016 through an extensive search of the literature using MEDLINE/PUBMED, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Articles were ranked according to the SIGN methodology while the GRADE system was used to establish the strength of recommendations.As a result of our literature search, we examined 87 meta-analyses overall (mainly of prospective studies), a few isolated more recent prospective studies not included in the meta-analyses, and a smaller number of available randomized controlled trials and caseecontrol studies. Based on the analysis of the above articles, 36 Syntheses of the available evidence and 36 Recommendations were eventually prepared.The present documentwas developed by organizing the available evidence into three individual areas (nutrients, food groups and dietary patterns) to provide a systematic and user-friendly overview of the available evidence on the relationship between nutrition and primary prevention of stroke. Yet analysis of foods and food patterns allowed translating the information about nutrients in a tool more amenable to use in daily life also in the light of the argument that people eat foods rather than nutrients. Conclusions: The present literature review and dietary recommendations provide healthcare professionals and all interested readers with a useful overview for the reduction of the risk of total, ischemic and haemorrhagic stroke through dietary modifications. (C) 2018 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/10
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
English
Diet; Dietary recommendations; Nutrition; Stroke; Systematic review; Brain Ischemia; Evidence-Based Medicine; Humans; Incidence; Intracranial Hemorrhages; Italy; Nutritional Status; Nutritive Value; Primary Prevention; Prognosis; Protective Factors; Risk Factors; Stroke; Time Factors; Healthy Diet; Risk Reduction Behavior
Iacoviello, L., Bonaccio, M., Cairella, G., Catani, M.V., Costanzo, S., D'Elia, L., et al. (2018). Diet and primary prevention of stroke: Systematic review and dietary recommendations by the ad hoc Working Group of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 28(4), 309-334 [10.1016/j.numecd.2017.12.010].
Iacoviello, L; Bonaccio, M; Cairella, G; Catani, Mv; Costanzo, S; D'Elia, L; Giacco, R; Rendina, D; Sabino, P; Savini, I; Strazzullo, P; Biffi, B; Casini, A; Garbagnati, F; Casini, A; Gensini, G; Luisi, Ml; Pinto, A; Rendina, D; Sabino, P; Salvia, A; Sandri, G; Scalfi, L; Scognamiglio, U; Strazzullo, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/242141
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