Diet plays a role in the onset and progression of metabolic disorders, including metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to systematically review and conduct a quantitative meta-analysis of results from observational cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies on adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and risk of MetS. Literature databases including PubMed, SCOPUS and EMBASE were searched from the beginning to May 2016. Eight cross-sectional and four prospective studies were included in this meta-analysis, accounting for a total of 33,847 individuals and 6342 cases of MetS. High adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a risk of MetS (RR: 0.81, 95%CI: 0.71, 0.92). Regarding individual components of the MetS, the inverse associations were significant for waist circumference, blood pressure and low HDL-C levels. In conclusion, adoption of a Mediterranean dietary pattern was associated with lower risk of the MetS and it can be proposed for the primary prevention of the MetS.

Godos, J., Zappala, G., Bernardini, S., Giambini, I., Bes-Rastrollo, M., Martinez-Gonzalez, M. (2016). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome occurrence: a meta-analysis of observational studies. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION, 68(2), 138-148 [10.1080/09637486.2016.1221900].

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome occurrence: a meta-analysis of observational studies

Zappala G.;Bernardini S.;
2016-08-25

Abstract

Diet plays a role in the onset and progression of metabolic disorders, including metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aimed to systematically review and conduct a quantitative meta-analysis of results from observational cross-sectional and prospective cohort studies on adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and risk of MetS. Literature databases including PubMed, SCOPUS and EMBASE were searched from the beginning to May 2016. Eight cross-sectional and four prospective studies were included in this meta-analysis, accounting for a total of 33,847 individuals and 6342 cases of MetS. High adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a risk of MetS (RR: 0.81, 95%CI: 0.71, 0.92). Regarding individual components of the MetS, the inverse associations were significant for waist circumference, blood pressure and low HDL-C levels. In conclusion, adoption of a Mediterranean dietary pattern was associated with lower risk of the MetS and it can be proposed for the primary prevention of the MetS.
25-ago-2016
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/12 - BIOCHIMICA CLINICA E BIOLOGIA MOLECOLARE CLINICA
English
blood pressure; Mediterranean diet; meta-analysis; metabolic syndrome; serum triglycerides; waist circumference; Humans; Metabolic Syndrome; Observational Studies as Topic; Risk Factors; Diet, Mediterranean; Patient Compliance
Godos, J., Zappala, G., Bernardini, S., Giambini, I., Bes-Rastrollo, M., Martinez-Gonzalez, M. (2016). Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with metabolic syndrome occurrence: a meta-analysis of observational studies. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION, 68(2), 138-148 [10.1080/09637486.2016.1221900].
Godos, J; Zappala, G; Bernardini, S; Giambini, I; Bes-Rastrollo, M; Martinez-Gonzalez, M
Articolo su rivista
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/239368
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 73
  • Scopus 151
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 135
social impact