The stability of anion exchange membranes is paramount for the use in alkaline fuel cells. Long-chain ionomers are supposed to be more alkaline-resistant with respect to short-chain isomers. In this paper, the synthesis, properties, and stability of ionomers with a long side chain are investigated. Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene)oxide (PPO) is chosen as the backbone because of its reported stability in alkaline conditions. The functional group is pentyl-ammonium with trimethylamine (TMA) or 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane as model amines. The synthesis is carried out via metalation reaction and is optimized as a function of temperature and time. The water uptake is relatively low in accordance with the large hydrophobicity of the PPO backbone. The through-plane ionic conductivity is consistent with literature data; it amounts to 15.3 mS/cm at 80 °C for the TMA derivative. The mechanical properties are typical of ionomers below the glass-transition temperature (for the TMA derivative at ambient humidity: Young modulus = 1310 ± 30 MPa). The stability in alkaline conditions, studied by thermogravimetric analysis and measurements of ionic conductivity and ion exchange capacity (IEC), is higher than that of short side-chain ionomers with the same basic group. The decrease of ionic conductivity (57 vs 22% residual conductivity after 72 h in 2 M NaOH at 80 °C) and IEC is monitored, showing that the degradation is fast in the first hours and may be described by second-order kinetics. These results help in selecting highperformance anion exchange membranes for electrochemical energy technologies.

Becerra-Arciniegas, R.-., Narducci, R., Ercolani, G., Sgreccia, E., Pasquini, L., Di Vona, M.l., et al. (2020). Model long side-chain PPO-based anion exchange ionomers: properties and alkaline stability. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 124(2), 1309-1316 [10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10480].

Model long side-chain PPO-based anion exchange ionomers: properties and alkaline stability

R. Narducci;G. Ercolani;E. Sgreccia;M. L. Di Vona
;
2020-01-01

Abstract

The stability of anion exchange membranes is paramount for the use in alkaline fuel cells. Long-chain ionomers are supposed to be more alkaline-resistant with respect to short-chain isomers. In this paper, the synthesis, properties, and stability of ionomers with a long side chain are investigated. Poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene)oxide (PPO) is chosen as the backbone because of its reported stability in alkaline conditions. The functional group is pentyl-ammonium with trimethylamine (TMA) or 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane as model amines. The synthesis is carried out via metalation reaction and is optimized as a function of temperature and time. The water uptake is relatively low in accordance with the large hydrophobicity of the PPO backbone. The through-plane ionic conductivity is consistent with literature data; it amounts to 15.3 mS/cm at 80 °C for the TMA derivative. The mechanical properties are typical of ionomers below the glass-transition temperature (for the TMA derivative at ambient humidity: Young modulus = 1310 ± 30 MPa). The stability in alkaline conditions, studied by thermogravimetric analysis and measurements of ionic conductivity and ion exchange capacity (IEC), is higher than that of short side-chain ionomers with the same basic group. The decrease of ionic conductivity (57 vs 22% residual conductivity after 72 h in 2 M NaOH at 80 °C) and IEC is monitored, showing that the degradation is fast in the first hours and may be described by second-order kinetics. These results help in selecting highperformance anion exchange membranes for electrochemical energy technologies.
2020
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore CHIM/07 - FONDAMENTI CHIMICI DELLE TECNOLOGIE
Settore CHIM/05 - SCIENZA E TECNOLOGIA DEI MATERIALI POLIMERICI
Settore CHIM/06 - CHIMICA ORGANICA
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10480
Becerra-Arciniegas, R.-., Narducci, R., Ercolani, G., Sgreccia, E., Pasquini, L., Di Vona, M.l., et al. (2020). Model long side-chain PPO-based anion exchange ionomers: properties and alkaline stability. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C, 124(2), 1309-1316 [10.1021/acs.jpcc.9b10480].
Becerra-Arciniegas, R-; Narducci, R; Ercolani, G; Sgreccia, E; Pasquini, L; Di Vona, Ml; Knauth, P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/226583
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