The zinc-finger AN1-type domain-2a gene, also known as AIRAP (arsenite-inducible RNA-associated protein), was initially described as an arsenite-inducible gene in Caenorhabditis elegans and mammalian cells. Differently from the AIRAP worm homologue, aip-1, a gene known to play an important role in preserving animal lifespan and buffering arsenic-induced proteotoxicity, mammals have a second, constitutively expressed, AIRAP-like gene (AIRAPL), recently implicated in myeloid transformation. We have identified human AIRAP as a canonical heat-shock gene, whose expression, differently from AIRAPL, is strictly dependent on the proteotoxic-stress regulator heat-shock factor 1 (HSF1). AIRAP function is still not well defined and there is no information on AIRAP in cancer. Herein we show that bortezomib and next-generation proteasome inhibitors ixazomib and carfilzomib markedly induce AIRAP expression in human melanoma at concentrations comparable to plasma-levels in treated patients. AIRAP-downregulation leads to bortezomib sensitization, whereas AIRAP-overexpression protects melanoma cells from the drug, identifying AIRAP as a novel HSF1-regulated marker of chemotherapy resistance. More importantly, this study unexpectedly revealed that, also in the absence of drugs, AIRAP-silencing hinders melanoma clonogenic potential and spheroid growth, promoting caspase activation and apoptotic cell death, an effect independent of AIRAPL and linked to downregulation of the antiapoptotic protein cIAP2. Interestingly, AIRAP was found to interact with cIAP2, regulating its stability in melanoma. Taken together, the results identify AIRAP as a novel HSF1-dependent regulator of prosurvival networks in melanoma cells, opening new therapeutic perspectives in chemoresistant melanoma treatment.
Pizzato Scomazzon, S., Riccio, A., Santopolo, S., Lanzilli, G., Coccia, M., Rossi, A., et al. (2019). The Zinc-Finger AN1-Type Domain 2a Gene Acts as a Regulator of Cell Survival in Human Melanoma: Role of E3-Ligase cIAP2. MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, 17(12), 2444-2456.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Pizzato Scomazzon, S., Riccio, A., Santopolo, S., Lanzilli, G., Coccia, M., Rossi, A., et al. (2019). The Zinc-Finger AN1-Type Domain 2a Gene Acts as a Regulator of Cell Survival in Human Melanoma: Role of E3-Ligase cIAP2. MOLECULAR CANCER RESEARCH, 17(12), 2444-2456.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-19-0243|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-dic-2019|
|Titolo:||The Zinc-Finger AN1-Type Domain 2a Gene Acts as a Regulator of Cell Survival in Human Melanoma: Role of E3-Ligase cIAP2|
|Autori:||Pizzato Scomazzon, S; Riccio, A; Santopolo, S; Lanzilli, G; Coccia, M; Rossi, A; Santoro, MG|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|