Although some charophytes (sister group to land plants) have been shown to synthesize phytochelatins (PCs) in response to cadmium (Cd), the functional characterization of their phytochelatin synthase (PCS) is still completely lacking. To investigate the metal response and the presence of PCS in charophytes, we focused on the species Nitella mucronata. A 40 kDa immunoreactive PCS band was revealed in mono-dimensional western blot by using a polyclonal antibody against Arabidopsis thaliana PCS1. In two-dimensional western blot, the putative PCS showed various spots with acidic isoelectric points, presumably originated by post-translational modifications. Given the PCS constitutive expression in N. mucronata, we tested its possible involvement in the homeostasis of metallic micronutrients, using physiological concentrations of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), and verified its role in the detoxification of a non-essential metal, such as Cd. Neither in vivo nor in vitro exposure to Zn resulted in PCS activation and PC significant biosynthesis, while Fe(II)/(III) and Cd were able to activate the PCS in vitro, as well as to induce PC accumulation in vivo. While Cd toxicity was evident from electron microscopy observations, the normal morphology of cells and organelles following Fe treatments was preserved. The overall results support a function of PCS and PCs in managing Fe homeostasis in the carophyte N. mucronata.

Fontanini, D., Andreucci, A., Ruffini Castiglione, M., Basile, A., Sorbo, S., Petraglia, A., et al. (2018). The phytochelatin synthase from Nitella mucronata (Charophyta) plays a role in the homeostatic control of iron(II)/(III). PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 127, 88-96 [10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.03.014].

The phytochelatin synthase from Nitella mucronata (Charophyta) plays a role in the homeostatic control of iron(II)/(III)

Bruno L.;
2018

Abstract

Although some charophytes (sister group to land plants) have been shown to synthesize phytochelatins (PCs) in response to cadmium (Cd), the functional characterization of their phytochelatin synthase (PCS) is still completely lacking. To investigate the metal response and the presence of PCS in charophytes, we focused on the species Nitella mucronata. A 40 kDa immunoreactive PCS band was revealed in mono-dimensional western blot by using a polyclonal antibody against Arabidopsis thaliana PCS1. In two-dimensional western blot, the putative PCS showed various spots with acidic isoelectric points, presumably originated by post-translational modifications. Given the PCS constitutive expression in N. mucronata, we tested its possible involvement in the homeostasis of metallic micronutrients, using physiological concentrations of iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), and verified its role in the detoxification of a non-essential metal, such as Cd. Neither in vivo nor in vitro exposure to Zn resulted in PCS activation and PC significant biosynthesis, while Fe(II)/(III) and Cd were able to activate the PCS in vitro, as well as to induce PC accumulation in vivo. While Cd toxicity was evident from electron microscopy observations, the normal morphology of cells and organelles following Fe treatments was preserved. The overall results support a function of PCS and PCs in managing Fe homeostasis in the carophyte N. mucronata.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/01
English
Cadmium; Charophytes; Iron; Metals; Phytochelatin synthase; Phytochelatins; Arabidopsis; Homeostasis; Iron; Plants, Genetically Modified; Aminoacyltransferases; Nitella; Plant Proteins
Fontanini, D., Andreucci, A., Ruffini Castiglione, M., Basile, A., Sorbo, S., Petraglia, A., et al. (2018). The phytochelatin synthase from Nitella mucronata (Charophyta) plays a role in the homeostatic control of iron(II)/(III). PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY, 127, 88-96 [10.1016/j.plaphy.2018.03.014].
Fontanini, D; Andreucci, A; Ruffini Castiglione, M; Basile, A; Sorbo, S; Petraglia, A; Degola, F; Bellini, E; Bruno, L; Varotto, C; Sanita di Toppi, L
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/226285
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