Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is becoming increasingly widespread in the world. Slowing its progression means to prevent uremic complications and improve quality of life of patients. Currently, a low-protein diet (LPD) is one of the tools most used in renal conservative therapy but a possible risk connected to LPD is protein-energy wasting. The aim of this study is evaluate the possible correlation between LPD and malnutrition onset. We enrolled 41 CKD patients, stages Illb/IV according to K-DIGO guidelines, who followed for 6 weeks a diet with controlled protein intake (recommended dietary allowance 0.7 g per kilogram Ideal Body Weight per day of protein). Our patients showed a significant decrease of serum albumin values after 6 weeks of LDP (T2) compared with baseline values (TO) (P=0.039), whereas C-reactive protein increased significantly (TO versus T2; P= 0.131). From body composition analysis, a significant impairment of fat-free mass percentage at the end of the study was demonstrated (TO versus T2; P=0.0489), probably related to total body water increase. The muscular mass, body cell mass and body cell mass index are significantly decreased after 6 weeks of LDP (T2). The phase angle is significantly reduced at the end of the study compared with basal values (TO versus T2; P= 0.0001, and T1 versus T2; P= 0.0015). This study indicated that LPD slows down the progression of kidney disease but worsens patients' nutritional state.
Noce, A., Vidiri, M.f., Marrone, G., Moriconi, E., Bocedi, A., Capria, A., et al. (2016). Is low-protein diet a possible risk factor of malnutrition in chronic kidney disease patients?. CELL DEATH DISCOVERY, 2(1), 16026.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Noce, A., Vidiri, M.f., Marrone, G., Moriconi, E., Bocedi, A., Capria, A., et al. (2016). Is low-protein diet a possible risk factor of malnutrition in chronic kidney disease patients?. CELL DEATH DISCOVERY, 2(1), 16026.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cddiscovery.2016.26|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2016|
|Titolo:||Is low-protein diet a possible risk factor of malnutrition in chronic kidney disease patients?|
|Autori:||Noce, A; Vidiri, Mf; Marrone, G; Moriconi, E; Bocedi, A; Capria, A; Rovella, V; Ricci, G; De Lorenzo, A; Di Daniele, N|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|