The emergence and rapid spread of multidrug-resistance in human pathogenic microorganisms urgently require the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of infectious diseases. From this perspective, the antimicrobial properties of the natural plant-derived products may represent an important alternative therapeutic option to synthetic drugs. Among medicinal plants, the Cardiospermum halicacabum L. (C. halicacabum), belonging to Sapindaceae family, could be a very promising candidate for its antimicrobial activity against a wide range of microorganisms, including both Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria, as well as fungal pathogens. Although the antimicrobial properties of C. halicacabum have been intensively studied, the mechanism/s by which it exerts the inhibitory activity towards the pathogenic microbes have not yet been completely understood. This review focuses on the main antimicrobial activities displayed in vitro by the plant extract, with particular attention on our recent advances. We demonstrated that C. halicacabum is able to exert in vitro a dose-dependent fungistatic effect against Trychophyton rubrum (T. rubrum) through molecular interaction with the fungal heat shock protein (Hsp)-90 chaperone. These findings are supported by a growing body of research indicating the crucial role played by the Hsp90 in the virulence of the pathogenic microorganisms, including fungal pathogens. The possible future use of C. halicacabum for treating a wide range of infectious diseases is also discussed.
Gaziano, R., Campione, E., Iacovelli, F., Pistoia, E.s., Marino, D., Milani, M., et al. (2019). Antimicrobial properties of the medicinal plant Cardiospermum halicacabum L: New evidence and future perspectives. EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 23(16), 7135-7143.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Gaziano, R., Campione, E., Iacovelli, F., Pistoia, E.s., Marino, D., Milani, M., et al. (2019). Antimicrobial properties of the medicinal plant Cardiospermum halicacabum L: New evidence and future perspectives. EUROPEAN REVIEW FOR MEDICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 23(16), 7135-7143.|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.26355/eurrev_201908_18759|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Titolo:||Antimicrobial properties of the medicinal plant Cardiospermum halicacabum L: New evidence and future perspectives|
|Autori:||Gaziano, R; Campione, E; Iacovelli, F; Pistoia, Es; Marino, D; Milani, M; Di Francesco, P; Pica, F; Bianchi, L; Orlandi, A; Marsico, S; Falconi, M; Aquaro, S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|