Cooperation is usually stronger towards in-group members, because giving an up-right signal about themselves implies higher possibilities of reciprocity among members with the same social identity. We examine the case where collaboration between two groups is a mandatory condition to achieve success in a particular project, but in the first one, the social identity is quite strong. We show that the existence of a small share of prosocial players in the first group can create a sort of "imitation effect" so that each new member puts more effort in cooperating with the outsiders. On the other side, to avoid free-riding effort should be conditional to the other's commitment. This way to boost cooperation is usually more efficient than a coercive strategy in the presence of significant sized majorities or feelings of resentments. Our analysis suggests that it is appropriate, under some circumstances, to stimulate a multicultural paradigm devoted to value and manage diversity through an acculturation process emphasizing adaptation, interdependence, and mutual appreciation of different cultures.

Solferino, N., Taurino, S., & Tessitore, M. (2018). Boosting cooperation between agents in diverse groups: a dynamical model of prosocial behavior, free-riding and coercive solutions. THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMICS AND FINANCE, 3(2), 48-55 [10.33094/8.2017.2018.32.48.55].

Boosting cooperation between agents in diverse groups: a dynamical model of prosocial behavior, free-riding and coercive solutions

Tessitore, ME
2018

Abstract

Cooperation is usually stronger towards in-group members, because giving an up-right signal about themselves implies higher possibilities of reciprocity among members with the same social identity. We examine the case where collaboration between two groups is a mandatory condition to achieve success in a particular project, but in the first one, the social identity is quite strong. We show that the existence of a small share of prosocial players in the first group can create a sort of "imitation effect" so that each new member puts more effort in cooperating with the outsiders. On the other side, to avoid free-riding effort should be conditional to the other's commitment. This way to boost cooperation is usually more efficient than a coercive strategy in the presence of significant sized majorities or feelings of resentments. Our analysis suggests that it is appropriate, under some circumstances, to stimulate a multicultural paradigm devoted to value and manage diversity through an acculturation process emphasizing adaptation, interdependence, and mutual appreciation of different cultures.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore SECS-S/06 - Metodi mat. dell'economia e Scienze Attuariali e Finanziarie
eng
cooperation; dynamical analysis; groups identity.
Solferino, N., Taurino, S., & Tessitore, M. (2018). Boosting cooperation between agents in diverse groups: a dynamical model of prosocial behavior, free-riding and coercive solutions. THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMICS AND FINANCE, 3(2), 48-55 [10.33094/8.2017.2018.32.48.55].
Solferino, N; Taurino, S; Tessitore, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/217727
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