A simple, eco-friendly, cost-effective and rapid microwave-assisted method has been developed to synthetize dendritic silver nanostructures, composed of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), using white grape pomace aqueous extract (WGPE) as both reducing and capping agent. With this aim, WGPE and AgNO3 (1 mM) were mixed at different ratio, and microwave irradiated at 700 W, for 40 s. To understand the role of bioactive compounds involved in the green synthesis of AgNPs, preliminary chemical characterization, FT-IR analysis and 1H NMR metabolite profiling of WGPE were carried out. The effects of bioactive extract concentration and stability over time on AgNPs formation were also evaluated. WGPE-mediated silver nanostructures were then characterized by UV–vis, FTIR analyses, and scanning electron microscopy. Interestingly, the formation of dendritic nanostructures, originated from the self-assembly of Ag rounded nanoparticles (average diameter of 33 ± 6 nm), was observed and ascribed to the use of microwave power and the presence of organic components within the used WGPE, inducing an anisotropic crystal growth and promoting a diffusion-limited aggregation mechanism. The bio-dendritic synthetized nanostructures were also evaluated for potential applications in bio-sensing and agricultural fields. Cyclic voltammetry measurements in 0.5 M phosphate + 0.1 M KCl buffer, pH 7.4 showed that green AgNPs possess the electroactive properties typical of AgNPs produced using chemical protocol. The biological activity of synthetized AgNPs was evaluated by in-vitro antifungal activity against F. graminearum. Additionally, a phytotoxicity evaluation of synthetized green nanostructures was carried out on wheat seed germination. Results highlighted the potential of WGPE as green agent for bio-inspired nanomaterial synthesis, and of green Ag nanostructures, which can be used as antifungal agent and in biosensing applications.

Carbone, K., Paliotta, M., Micheli, L., Mazzuca, C., Cacciotti, I., Nocente, F., et al. (2019). A completely green approach to the synthesis of dendritic silver nanostructures starting from white grape pomace as a potential nanofactory. ARABIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, 12(5), 597-609 [10.1016/j.arabjc.2018.08.001].

A completely green approach to the synthesis of dendritic silver nanostructures starting from white grape pomace as a potential nanofactory

Micheli L.;Mazzuca C.;Cacciotti I.;
2019

Abstract

A simple, eco-friendly, cost-effective and rapid microwave-assisted method has been developed to synthetize dendritic silver nanostructures, composed of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), using white grape pomace aqueous extract (WGPE) as both reducing and capping agent. With this aim, WGPE and AgNO3 (1 mM) were mixed at different ratio, and microwave irradiated at 700 W, for 40 s. To understand the role of bioactive compounds involved in the green synthesis of AgNPs, preliminary chemical characterization, FT-IR analysis and 1H NMR metabolite profiling of WGPE were carried out. The effects of bioactive extract concentration and stability over time on AgNPs formation were also evaluated. WGPE-mediated silver nanostructures were then characterized by UV–vis, FTIR analyses, and scanning electron microscopy. Interestingly, the formation of dendritic nanostructures, originated from the self-assembly of Ag rounded nanoparticles (average diameter of 33 ± 6 nm), was observed and ascribed to the use of microwave power and the presence of organic components within the used WGPE, inducing an anisotropic crystal growth and promoting a diffusion-limited aggregation mechanism. The bio-dendritic synthetized nanostructures were also evaluated for potential applications in bio-sensing and agricultural fields. Cyclic voltammetry measurements in 0.5 M phosphate + 0.1 M KCl buffer, pH 7.4 showed that green AgNPs possess the electroactive properties typical of AgNPs produced using chemical protocol. The biological activity of synthetized AgNPs was evaluated by in-vitro antifungal activity against F. graminearum. Additionally, a phytotoxicity evaluation of synthetized green nanostructures was carried out on wheat seed germination. Results highlighted the potential of WGPE as green agent for bio-inspired nanomaterial synthesis, and of green Ag nanostructures, which can be used as antifungal agent and in biosensing applications.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Settore CHIM/10 - Chimica degli Alimenti
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Agro-food wastes; Dendritic silver nanostructures; Grape pomace; Green synthesis
Carbone, K., Paliotta, M., Micheli, L., Mazzuca, C., Cacciotti, I., Nocente, F., et al. (2019). A completely green approach to the synthesis of dendritic silver nanostructures starting from white grape pomace as a potential nanofactory. ARABIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, 12(5), 597-609 [10.1016/j.arabjc.2018.08.001].
Carbone, K; Paliotta, M; Micheli, L; Mazzuca, C; Cacciotti, I; Nocente, F; Ciampa, A; Dell'Abate, Mt
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/215282
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