Phase change contrast agents for ultrasound (US) imaging consist of nanodroplets (NDs) with a perfluorocarbon (PFC) liquid core stabilized with a lipid or a polymer shell. Liquid ↔ gas transition, occurring in the core, can be triggered by US to produce acoustically active microbubbles (MBs) in a process named acoustic droplet vaporization (ADV). MB shells containing polymerized diacetylene moiety were considered as a good trade off between the lipid MBs, showing optimal attenuation, and the polymeric ones, displaying enhanced stability. This work reports on novel perfluoropentane and perfluorobutane NDs stabilized with a monolayer of an amphiphilic fatty acid, i.e. 10,12-pentacosadiynoic acid (PCDA), cured with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. The photopolymerization of the diacetylene groups, evidenced by the appearance of a blue color due to the conjugation of ene-yne sequences, exhibits a chromatic transition from the nonfluorescent blue color to a fluorescent red color when the NDs are heated or the pH of the suspension is basic. An estimate of the molecular weights reached by the polymerized PCDA in the shell, poly(PCDA), has been obtained using gel permeation chromatography and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The poly(PCDA)/PFC NDs show good biocompatibility with fibroblast cells. ADV efficiency and acoustic properties before and after the transition were tested using a 1 MHz probe, revealing a resonance frequency between 1 and 2 MHz similar to other lipidic MBs. The surface of PCDA shelled NDs can be easily modified without influencing the stability and the acoustic performances of droplets. As a proof of concept we report on the conjugation of cyclic RGD and PEG chains of the particles to support targeting ability toward endothelial cells.
Toumia, Y., Cerroni, B., Domenici, F., Lange, H., Bianchi, L., Cociorb, M., et al. (2019). Phase change ultrasound contrast agents with a photopolymerized diacetylene shell. LANGMUIR, 35(31), 10116-10127.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Toumia, Y., Cerroni, B., Domenici, F., Lange, H., Bianchi, L., Cociorb, M., et al. (2019). Phase change ultrasound contrast agents with a photopolymerized diacetylene shell. LANGMUIR, 35(31), 10116-10127.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b01160|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||6-ago-2019|
|Titolo:||Phase change ultrasound contrast agents with a photopolymerized diacetylene shell|
|Autori:||Toumia, Y; Cerroni, B; Domenici, F; Lange, H; Bianchi, L; Cociorb, M; Brasili, F; Chiessi, E; D'Agostino, E; Van Den Abeele, K; D'Hooge, J; Heymans, S; Paradossi, G|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|