The Medieval period in Europe was a time of unprecedented social complexity and significant social and political change that had an impact on human diets. The present study aims to use stable isotope analysis from bone proteins to explore the diets of humans (n=76) and fauna (n=5) from the Medieval town of Leopoli-Cencelle (VT, Italy). The town was occupied between the 9th–15th centuries CE, however, the analysed remains date to the Late Medieval period (12th–15th centuries CE). Historical sources provide some information about the inhabitants of this community: the majority of the population was represented by craftsmen and traders, but farmers and shepherds were also present. To date, no biomolecular data regarding this community have been published. The results indicated an increase of 3–5‰ in δ15N values of humans compared to animals, reflecting a high trophic-level. The δ13C results indicated that animal and human diet was mainly based on C3 terrestrial resources, although three humans possessed an isotopic signature indicative of C4 plant consumption. No statistically significant differences between sexes or age groups (adults vs juveniles) were detected. The isotopic results were further placed in their regional and chronological context, adding valuable data to our understanding of diet and food distribution during the Medieval period in Italy.

Baldoni, M., Scorrano, G., Alexander, M., Stasolla, F.r., Marsella, L.t., Rickards, O., et al. (2019). The Medieval Population of Leopoli-Cencelle (Viterbo, Latium): Dietary Reconstruction through Stable Isotope Analysis on Bone Proteins. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE: REPORTS, 24, 92-101 [10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.12.013].

The Medieval Population of Leopoli-Cencelle (Viterbo, Latium): Dietary Reconstruction through Stable Isotope Analysis on Bone Proteins.

Baldoni M.;Scorrano G.;Marsella L. T.;Rickards O.;Martinez-Labarga C.
2019-01-01

Abstract

The Medieval period in Europe was a time of unprecedented social complexity and significant social and political change that had an impact on human diets. The present study aims to use stable isotope analysis from bone proteins to explore the diets of humans (n=76) and fauna (n=5) from the Medieval town of Leopoli-Cencelle (VT, Italy). The town was occupied between the 9th–15th centuries CE, however, the analysed remains date to the Late Medieval period (12th–15th centuries CE). Historical sources provide some information about the inhabitants of this community: the majority of the population was represented by craftsmen and traders, but farmers and shepherds were also present. To date, no biomolecular data regarding this community have been published. The results indicated an increase of 3–5‰ in δ15N values of humans compared to animals, reflecting a high trophic-level. The δ13C results indicated that animal and human diet was mainly based on C3 terrestrial resources, although three humans possessed an isotopic signature indicative of C4 plant consumption. No statistically significant differences between sexes or age groups (adults vs juveniles) were detected. The isotopic results were further placed in their regional and chronological context, adding valuable data to our understanding of diet and food distribution during the Medieval period in Italy.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore BIO/08
English
Middle Ages; Diet; Stable isotopes; Italy; Latium; Bioarchaeology
Baldoni, M., Scorrano, G., Alexander, M., Stasolla, F.r., Marsella, L.t., Rickards, O., et al. (2019). The Medieval Population of Leopoli-Cencelle (Viterbo, Latium): Dietary Reconstruction through Stable Isotope Analysis on Bone Proteins. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE: REPORTS, 24, 92-101 [10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.12.013].
Baldoni, M; Scorrano, G; Alexander, M; Stasolla, Fr; Marsella, Lt; Rickards, O; Martinez-Labarga, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/212705
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