The reduction of trichloroethylene (TCE) in gas phase by different types of granular zero-valent iron (Fe0) was examined in anaerobic batch vapor systems performed at room temperature. Concentrations of TCE and byproducts were determined at discrete time intervals by analysis of the headspace vapors. Depending on the type of iron used, reductions of TCE gas concentration from 35% up to 99% were observed for treatments of 6 weeks. In line with other experimental studies performed with aqueous solutions, the particle size was found to play a key role in the reactivity of the iron. Namely an increase of the TCE removal up to almost 3 times was observed using iron powders with particle size lower than 425 μm compared to iron powders with particle size lower than 850 μm. The manufacturing process of the iron powder was instead found to play only a limited role. Namely, no significant differences were observed in the TCE reduction by Fe0 obtained using an iron powder attained by water atomization and sieving compared to the removal achieved using an iron powder subjected to a further annealing processes to reduce the content of oxides. Conversely, the pretreatment of the iron powder with HCl was found to enhance the reactivity of the iron. In particular, by washing the iron powder of 425 μm with HCl acid 0.1 M the reduction of TCE after 6 weeks of treatment increase from approximately 80% for the as received material to >99% for the pretreated iron powder. We also performed tests at different humidity of the iron observing that not statistical differences were obtained using a water content of 10% or 50% by weight. In all the experiments, the only detectable byproducts of the reactions were C4–C6 alkenes and alkanes that can be attributed to a hydrogenation of the C–Cl bond.

Zingaretti, D., Verginelli, I., & Baciocchi, R. (2019). Dehalogenation of trichloroethylene vapors by partially saturated zero-valent iron. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 647, 682-689 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.011].

Dehalogenation of trichloroethylene vapors by partially saturated zero-valent iron

Zingaretti, Daniela;Verginelli, Iason;Baciocchi, Renato
2019-01-10

Abstract

The reduction of trichloroethylene (TCE) in gas phase by different types of granular zero-valent iron (Fe0) was examined in anaerobic batch vapor systems performed at room temperature. Concentrations of TCE and byproducts were determined at discrete time intervals by analysis of the headspace vapors. Depending on the type of iron used, reductions of TCE gas concentration from 35% up to 99% were observed for treatments of 6 weeks. In line with other experimental studies performed with aqueous solutions, the particle size was found to play a key role in the reactivity of the iron. Namely an increase of the TCE removal up to almost 3 times was observed using iron powders with particle size lower than 425 μm compared to iron powders with particle size lower than 850 μm. The manufacturing process of the iron powder was instead found to play only a limited role. Namely, no significant differences were observed in the TCE reduction by Fe0 obtained using an iron powder attained by water atomization and sieving compared to the removal achieved using an iron powder subjected to a further annealing processes to reduce the content of oxides. Conversely, the pretreatment of the iron powder with HCl was found to enhance the reactivity of the iron. In particular, by washing the iron powder of 425 μm with HCl acid 0.1 M the reduction of TCE after 6 weeks of treatment increase from approximately 80% for the as received material to >99% for the pretreated iron powder. We also performed tests at different humidity of the iron observing that not statistical differences were obtained using a water content of 10% or 50% by weight. In all the experiments, the only detectable byproducts of the reactions were C4–C6 alkenes and alkanes that can be attributed to a hydrogenation of the C–Cl bond.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore ICAR/03 - Ingegneria Sanitaria-Ambientale
eng
Chlorinated solvent vapors; Contaminated sites; Horizontal permeable reactive barrier; Vapor intrusion; Zero-valent iron; Environmental Engineering; Environmental Chemistry; Waste Management and Disposal; Pollution
www.elsevier.com/locate/scitotenv
Zingaretti, D., Verginelli, I., & Baciocchi, R. (2019). Dehalogenation of trichloroethylene vapors by partially saturated zero-valent iron. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 647, 682-689 [10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.011].
Zingaretti, D; Verginelli, I; Baciocchi, R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/211199
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