Background: In the last decade, several studies have reported an unexpected and seemingly paradoxical inverse correlation between BMI and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. This so called "obesity paradox effect" has been mainly investigated through imaging methods instead of histologic evaluation, which is still the best method to study the instability of carotid plaque. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to evaluate by histology the role of obesity in destabilization of carotid plaques and the interaction with age, gender and other major cerebrovascular risk factors. Methods: A total of 390 carotid plaques from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients submitted to endarterectomy, for whom complete clinical and laboratory assessment of major cardiovascular risk factors was available, were studied by histology. Patients with a BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 were considered as obese. Data were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression and for each variable in the equation the estimated odds ratio (OR) was calculated. Results: Unstable carotid plaque OR for obese patients with age < 70 years was 5.91 (95% CI 1.17-29.80), thus being the highest OR compared to that of other risk factors. Unstable carotid plaque OR decreased to 4.61 (95% CI 0.54-39.19) in males ≥ 70 years, being only 0.93 (95% CI 0.25-3.52) among women. When obesity featured among metabolic syndrome risk factors, the OR for plaque destabilization was 3.97 (95% CI 1.81-6.22), a significantly higher value compared to OR in non-obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.48; 95% CI 0.86-2.31). Similar results were obtained when assessing the occurrence of acute cerebrovascular symptoms. Conclusions: Results from our study appear to do not confirm any paradoxical effect of obesity on the carotid artery district. Conversely, obesity is confirmed to be an independent risk factor for carotid plaque destabilization, particularly in males aged < 70 years, significantly increasing such risk among patients with metabolic syndrome.

Rovella, V., Anemona, L., Cardellini, M., Scimeca, M., Saggini, A., Santeusanio, G., et al. (2018). The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: Interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 17(1), 46 [10.1186/s12933-018-0685-0].

The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: Interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors

Rovella V.;Anemona L.;Cardellini M.;Scimeca M.;Saggini A.;Santeusanio G.;Bonanno E.;Ippoliti A.;Di Daniele N.;Federici M.;Mauriello A.
2018-01-01

Abstract

Background: In the last decade, several studies have reported an unexpected and seemingly paradoxical inverse correlation between BMI and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. This so called "obesity paradox effect" has been mainly investigated through imaging methods instead of histologic evaluation, which is still the best method to study the instability of carotid plaque. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to evaluate by histology the role of obesity in destabilization of carotid plaques and the interaction with age, gender and other major cerebrovascular risk factors. Methods: A total of 390 carotid plaques from symptomatic and asymptomatic patients submitted to endarterectomy, for whom complete clinical and laboratory assessment of major cardiovascular risk factors was available, were studied by histology. Patients with a BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 were considered as obese. Data were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression and for each variable in the equation the estimated odds ratio (OR) was calculated. Results: Unstable carotid plaque OR for obese patients with age < 70 years was 5.91 (95% CI 1.17-29.80), thus being the highest OR compared to that of other risk factors. Unstable carotid plaque OR decreased to 4.61 (95% CI 0.54-39.19) in males ≥ 70 years, being only 0.93 (95% CI 0.25-3.52) among women. When obesity featured among metabolic syndrome risk factors, the OR for plaque destabilization was 3.97 (95% CI 1.81-6.22), a significantly higher value compared to OR in non-obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.48; 95% CI 0.86-2.31). Similar results were obtained when assessing the occurrence of acute cerebrovascular symptoms. Conclusions: Results from our study appear to do not confirm any paradoxical effect of obesity on the carotid artery district. Conversely, obesity is confirmed to be an independent risk factor for carotid plaque destabilization, particularly in males aged < 70 years, significantly increasing such risk among patients with metabolic syndrome.
2018
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/08 - ANATOMIA PATOLOGICA
English
Age; Carotid; Gender; Histology; Metabolic syndrome; Obesity; Stroke; Age Factors; Aged; Body Mass Index; Carotid Arteries; Carotid Stenosis; Cerebrovascular Disorders; Comorbidity; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Obesity; Prognosis; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Rome; Rupture, Spontaneous; Sex Factors; Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Rovella, V., Anemona, L., Cardellini, M., Scimeca, M., Saggini, A., Santeusanio, G., et al. (2018). The role of obesity in carotid plaque instability: Interaction with age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, 17(1), 46 [10.1186/s12933-018-0685-0].
Rovella, V; Anemona, L; Cardellini, M; Scimeca, M; Saggini, A; Santeusanio, G; Bonanno, E; Montanaro, M; Legramante, Im; Ippoliti, A; Di Daniele, N; Federici, M; Mauriello, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/210941
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