Chronic diseases require continuous healthcare that is not fully guaranteed by the Italian Health System which is more oriented towards acute care. In the Lazio region (city of Palombara Sabina), a Nursing-Led in-patient unit is present with the aim to care for patients affected by chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the type of healthcare delivered by this unit. A descriptive-comparative design was used. All 290 patients admitted to the Nursing-Led Unit, during 2014 and 2015 participated in the study. The following variables were analyzed: socio-demographic characteristics of patients, reasons for admission, nursing diagnoses and interventions, medical diagnoses and interventions, Barthel index, length of stay, mortality rate, and discharge rate to acute care hospitals. The mean age of participants was 78 years old (SD 11,4) and the most frequent reason for admission was the need to receive a medium-high intensity nursing care (14,5%). The most frequent nursing diagnoses were bathing/hygiene self-care deficit (78,3%) and impaired physical mobility (74,8%). Hypertensive heart disease was the most frequent medical diagnosis (32,4%). The mean length of stay was 19 days, the mortality rate was 2,1% and the discharge rate to an acute care hospital was 9%. Significant improvements in patient dependency levels, as measured by the Barthel index, were observed at discharge with respect to admission (p < 0,001). The NursingLed Unit seems to be strategic in the delivery of care to older adults affected by multiple chronic diseases, in some phases of their condition. The results of this study indicate that the Palombara Sabina's nursing-led unit may contribute in reducing hospital admissions and achieving favorable patient outcomes when additional nursing interventions are needed.

Zeffiro, V., Sanson, G., Carboni, L., Malatesta, A., Vellone, E., Alvaro, R., et al. (2018). [The nursing-led in-patient unit: a descriptive study of nursing care delivered]. IGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA, 74(4), 359-376.

[The nursing-led in-patient unit: a descriptive study of nursing care delivered]

Zeffiro, Valentina;Sanson, Gianfranco;Vellone, Ercole
;
Alvaro, Rosaria;D'Agostino, Fabio
2018-01-01

Abstract

Chronic diseases require continuous healthcare that is not fully guaranteed by the Italian Health System which is more oriented towards acute care. In the Lazio region (city of Palombara Sabina), a Nursing-Led in-patient unit is present with the aim to care for patients affected by chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the type of healthcare delivered by this unit. A descriptive-comparative design was used. All 290 patients admitted to the Nursing-Led Unit, during 2014 and 2015 participated in the study. The following variables were analyzed: socio-demographic characteristics of patients, reasons for admission, nursing diagnoses and interventions, medical diagnoses and interventions, Barthel index, length of stay, mortality rate, and discharge rate to acute care hospitals. The mean age of participants was 78 years old (SD 11,4) and the most frequent reason for admission was the need to receive a medium-high intensity nursing care (14,5%). The most frequent nursing diagnoses were bathing/hygiene self-care deficit (78,3%) and impaired physical mobility (74,8%). Hypertensive heart disease was the most frequent medical diagnosis (32,4%). The mean length of stay was 19 days, the mortality rate was 2,1% and the discharge rate to an acute care hospital was 9%. Significant improvements in patient dependency levels, as measured by the Barthel index, were observed at discharge with respect to admission (p < 0,001). The NursingLed Unit seems to be strategic in the delivery of care to older adults affected by multiple chronic diseases, in some phases of their condition. The results of this study indicate that the Palombara Sabina's nursing-led unit may contribute in reducing hospital admissions and achieving favorable patient outcomes when additional nursing interventions are needed.
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Settore MED/45 - Scienze Infermieristiche Generali, Cliniche e Pediatriche
Italian
Zeffiro, V., Sanson, G., Carboni, L., Malatesta, A., Vellone, E., Alvaro, R., et al. (2018). [The nursing-led in-patient unit: a descriptive study of nursing care delivered]. IGIENE E SANITÀ PUBBLICA, 74(4), 359-376.
Zeffiro, V; Sanson, G; Carboni, L; Malatesta, A; Vellone, E; Alvaro, R; D'Agostino, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/210218
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