Rapid pathogen identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) in bacteremia cases or sepsis could improve patient prognosis. Thus, it is important to provide timely reports, which make it possible for clinicians to set up appropriate antibiotic therapy during the early stages of bloodstream infection (BSI). This study evaluates an in-house microbiological protocol for early ID as well as AST on Gram negative bacteria directly from positive monomicrobial and polymicrobial blood cultures (BCs). A total of 102 non-duplicated positive BCs from patients with Gram-negative bacteremia were tested. Both IDs and ASTs were performed from bacterial pellets extracted directly from BCs using our protocol, which was applied through the combined use of a MALDI-TOF MS and Vitek2 automated system. The results of our study showed a 100% agreement in bacterial ID and 98.25% categorical agreement in AST when compared to those obtained by routine conventional methods. We recorded only a 0.76% minor error (mE), 0.76% major error (ME) and a 0.20% very major error (VME). Moreover, the turnaround time (TAT) regarding the final AST report was significantly shortened (ΔTAT = 8-20 h, p < 0.00001). This in-house protocol is rapid, easy to perform and cost effective and could be successfully introduced into any clinical microbiology laboratory. A final same-day report of ID and AST improves patient management, by early and appropriate antimicrobial treatment and could potentially optimize antimicrobial stewardship programs.

Sakarikou, C., Altieri, A., Bossa, M.c., Minelli, S., Dolfa, C., Piperno, M., et al. (2018). Rapid and cost-effective identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in patients with Gram-negative bacteremia directly from blood-culture fluid. JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS, 146, 7-12 [10.1016/j.mimet.2018.01.012].

Rapid and cost-effective identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in patients with Gram-negative bacteremia directly from blood-culture fluid

SAKARIKOU, CHRISTINA;Altieri A.;PIPERNO, MICOL;Favalli C.
2018-03

Abstract

Rapid pathogen identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) in bacteremia cases or sepsis could improve patient prognosis. Thus, it is important to provide timely reports, which make it possible for clinicians to set up appropriate antibiotic therapy during the early stages of bloodstream infection (BSI). This study evaluates an in-house microbiological protocol for early ID as well as AST on Gram negative bacteria directly from positive monomicrobial and polymicrobial blood cultures (BCs). A total of 102 non-duplicated positive BCs from patients with Gram-negative bacteremia were tested. Both IDs and ASTs were performed from bacterial pellets extracted directly from BCs using our protocol, which was applied through the combined use of a MALDI-TOF MS and Vitek2 automated system. The results of our study showed a 100% agreement in bacterial ID and 98.25% categorical agreement in AST when compared to those obtained by routine conventional methods. We recorded only a 0.76% minor error (mE), 0.76% major error (ME) and a 0.20% very major error (VME). Moreover, the turnaround time (TAT) regarding the final AST report was significantly shortened (ΔTAT = 8-20 h, p < 0.00001). This in-house protocol is rapid, easy to perform and cost effective and could be successfully introduced into any clinical microbiology laboratory. A final same-day report of ID and AST improves patient management, by early and appropriate antimicrobial treatment and could potentially optimize antimicrobial stewardship programs.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/07 - Microbiologia e Microbiologia Clinica
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Bacteremia; Direct identification; Rapid susceptibility profile
Sakarikou, C., Altieri, A., Bossa, M.c., Minelli, S., Dolfa, C., Piperno, M., et al. (2018). Rapid and cost-effective identification and antimicrobial susceptibility testing in patients with Gram-negative bacteremia directly from blood-culture fluid. JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS, 146, 7-12 [10.1016/j.mimet.2018.01.012].
Sakarikou, C; Altieri, A; Bossa, Mc; Minelli, S; Dolfa, C; Piperno, M; Favalli, C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/198708
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