Cytochrome P450-aromatase catalyzes estrogen biosynthesis from C19 steroids. In the testis, Sertoli cells express P450-aromatase and represent the primary source of estrogen during prepuberal age. This study focused on the effect of simulated microgravity (SM) on aromatase expression in primary mouse Sertoli cells. When cultured in Rotary Cell Culture System (RCCS), Sertoli cells, formed multicellular three dimensional spheroids (3D). Biological properties were first analyzed in terms of viability, cell cycle, expression of cytoskeletal components and growth factors in comparison to Sertoli cells cultured in spheroids at unit gravity (G). SM did not affect cell viability and proliferation, nor expression of the main cytoskeleton proteins and of growth factors like Kit Ligand (KL) and glial derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). On the other hand, SM caused a strong increase in P450 aromatase mRNA and protein expression. Interestingly, P450-aromatase was no more inducible by 8-Br-cAMP. The presence of a functional aromatase was confirmed by enrichment of 17β-estradiol released in the medium by androgen precursors. We concluded that SM causes a significant upregulation of aromatase gene expression in Sertoli cells, leading to a consequent increase in 17β-estradiol secretion. High level of 17β-estradiol in the testis could have potentially adverse effects on male fertility and testicular cancer.
Cirelli, E., De Domenico, E., Botti, F., Massoud, R., Geremia, R., & Grimaldi, P. (2017). Effect of Microgravity on Aromatase Expression in Sertoli Cells. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7(1), 3469.
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Cirelli, E., De Domenico, E., Botti, F., Massoud, R., Geremia, R., & Grimaldi, P. (2017). Effect of Microgravity on Aromatase Expression in Sertoli Cells. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 7(1), 3469.|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02018-2|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||14-giu-2017|
|Titolo:||Effect of Microgravity on Aromatase Expression in Sertoli Cells|
|Autori:||Cirelli, E; De Domenico, E; Botti, F; Massoud, R; Geremia, R; Grimaldi, P|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|