The recent goal of sustainability in analytical chemistry has boosted the development of eco-designed analytical tools to deliver fast and cost-effective analysis with low economic and environmental impact. Due to the recent focus in sustainability, we report the use of low-cost filter paper as a sustainable material to print silver electrodes and to load reagents for a reagent-free electrochemical detection of chloride in biological samples, namely serum and sweat. The electrochemical detection of chloride ions was carried out by exploiting the reaction of the analyte (i.e. chloride) with the silver working electrode. During the oxidation wave in cyclic voltammetry the silver ions are produced, thus they react with chloride ions to form AgCl, while in the reduction wave, the following reaction occurs: AgCl + e(-) -> Ag + Cl. These reactions at the electrode surface resulted in anodic/cathodic peaks directly proportional to the chloride ions in solution. Chloride ions were detected with the addition of only 10 mu L of the sample on the paper-based electrochemical cell, obtaining linearity up to 200 mM with a detection limit equal to 1 mM and relative standard deviation lower than 10%. The accuracy of the sensor was evaluated in serum and sweat samples, with percentage recoveries between 93 +/- 10 and 108 +/- 8%. Moreover, the results achieved with the paper-based device were positively compared with those obtained by using the gold standard method (Ion Selective Electrode) adopted in routine clinical analyses.
Cinti, S., Fiore, L., Massoud, R., Cortese, C., Moscone, D., Palleschi, G., et al. (2018). Low-cost and reagent-free paper-based device to detect chloride ions in serum and sweat. TALANTA, 179, 186-192 [10.1016/j.talanta.2017.10.030].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Cinti, S., Fiore, L., Massoud, R., Cortese, C., Moscone, D., Palleschi, G., et al. (2018). Low-cost and reagent-free paper-based device to detect chloride ions in serum and sweat. TALANTA, 179, 186-192 [10.1016/j.talanta.2017.10.030].|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2017.10.030|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Low-cost and reagent-free paper-based device to detect chloride ions in serum and sweat|
|Autori:||Cinti, S; Fiore, L; Massoud, R; Cortese, C; Moscone, D; Palleschi, G; Arduini, F|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|
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