Implants made from naturally-derived biomaterials, also called biological meshes or biomeshes, typically derive from decellularized extracellular matrix of either animal or human tissue. Biomeshes have many biomedical applications such as ligament repair, bone and cartilage regeneration and soft tissue replacement. Bovine collagen is one of the most widely used and abundantly available xenogenic materials. In particular, bovine pericardium is widely used as extracellular matrix bioprosthetic tissue. The efficiency of a pericardial mesh to function as scaffold depends on the quality of the decellularization protocol used. Moreover, the biomesh mechanical features are critical for a successful surgical repair process, as they must reproduce the biological properties of the autologous tissue. Different methods of physical, chemical, or enzymatic decellularization exist, but no one has proved to be ideal. Therefore, in the present study, we developed a novel decellularization protocol for a bovine pericardium-derived biomesh. We characterized the biomesh obtained by comparing some ultrastructural, physical and mechanical features to a reference commercial biomesh. Quantification revealed that our novel decellularization process removed about 90% of the native pericardial DNA. Microscopic and ultrastructural analysis documented the maintenance of the physiological structure of the pericardial collagen. Moreover, mechanical tests showed that both the extension and resilience of the new biomesh were statistically higher than the commercial control ones. The results presented in this study demonstrate that our protocol is promising in preparing high quality bovine pericardial biomeshes, encouraging further studies to validate its use in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine protocols.

Bielli, A., Bernardini, R., Varvaras, D., Rossi, P., Di Blasi, G., Petrella, G., et al. (2018). Characterization of a new decellularized bovine pericardial biological mesh: Structural and mechanical properties. JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, 78, 420-426 [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.12.003].

Characterization of a new decellularized bovine pericardial biological mesh: Structural and mechanical properties

Bielli A.;Bernardini R.;Varvaras D.;Rossi P.;Petrella G.;Buonomo O. C.;Mattei M.;Orlandi A.
2018

Abstract

Implants made from naturally-derived biomaterials, also called biological meshes or biomeshes, typically derive from decellularized extracellular matrix of either animal or human tissue. Biomeshes have many biomedical applications such as ligament repair, bone and cartilage regeneration and soft tissue replacement. Bovine collagen is one of the most widely used and abundantly available xenogenic materials. In particular, bovine pericardium is widely used as extracellular matrix bioprosthetic tissue. The efficiency of a pericardial mesh to function as scaffold depends on the quality of the decellularization protocol used. Moreover, the biomesh mechanical features are critical for a successful surgical repair process, as they must reproduce the biological properties of the autologous tissue. Different methods of physical, chemical, or enzymatic decellularization exist, but no one has proved to be ideal. Therefore, in the present study, we developed a novel decellularization protocol for a bovine pericardium-derived biomesh. We characterized the biomesh obtained by comparing some ultrastructural, physical and mechanical features to a reference commercial biomesh. Quantification revealed that our novel decellularization process removed about 90% of the native pericardial DNA. Microscopic and ultrastructural analysis documented the maintenance of the physiological structure of the pericardial collagen. Moreover, mechanical tests showed that both the extension and resilience of the new biomesh were statistically higher than the commercial control ones. The results presented in this study demonstrate that our protocol is promising in preparing high quality bovine pericardial biomeshes, encouraging further studies to validate its use in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine protocols.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
Biomesh; Bovine pericardium; Tissue decellularization
Bielli, A., Bernardini, R., Varvaras, D., Rossi, P., Di Blasi, G., Petrella, G., et al. (2018). Characterization of a new decellularized bovine pericardial biological mesh: Structural and mechanical properties. JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, 78, 420-426 [10.1016/j.jmbbm.2017.12.003].
Bielli, A; Bernardini, R; Varvaras, D; Rossi, P; Di Blasi, G; Petrella, G; Buonomo, Oc; Mattei, M; Orlandi, A
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/194761
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