We present an experimental study to determine the para-hydrogen concentration in the hydrogen moderators at the ISIS pulsed neutron and muon source. The experimental characterisation is based on neutron transmission experiments performed on the VESUVIO spectrometer, and thermal conductivity measurements using the TOSCA para-hydrogen rig. A reliable estimation of the level of para-hydrogen concentration in the hydrogen moderators is of crucial importance in the framework of a current project to completely refurbish the first target station at ISIS. Moreover, we report a new measurement of the total neutron cross section for normal hydrogen at 15 K on the broad energy range 3 meV –10 eV suggesting a revision of the most recent nuclear libraries for incident neutron energies lower than 10 meV. Finally, we characterise systematic errors affecting the para-hydrogen level estimation due to conversion from para to ortho hydrogen, as a function of the time a batch of gas spends in every component of our gas panel and apparatus.

Romanelli, G., Rudic, S., Zanetti, M., Andreani, C., Fernandez- Alonso, F., Gorini, G., et al. (2018). Measurement of the para-hydrogen concentration in the ISIS moderators using neutron transmission and thermal conductivity. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, 888, 88-95 [10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.039].

Measurement of the para-hydrogen concentration in the ISIS moderators using neutron transmission and thermal conductivity

G. Romanelli
;
C. Andreani;
2018

Abstract

We present an experimental study to determine the para-hydrogen concentration in the hydrogen moderators at the ISIS pulsed neutron and muon source. The experimental characterisation is based on neutron transmission experiments performed on the VESUVIO spectrometer, and thermal conductivity measurements using the TOSCA para-hydrogen rig. A reliable estimation of the level of para-hydrogen concentration in the hydrogen moderators is of crucial importance in the framework of a current project to completely refurbish the first target station at ISIS. Moreover, we report a new measurement of the total neutron cross section for normal hydrogen at 15 K on the broad energy range 3 meV –10 eV suggesting a revision of the most recent nuclear libraries for incident neutron energies lower than 10 meV. Finally, we characterise systematic errors affecting the para-hydrogen level estimation due to conversion from para to ortho hydrogen, as a function of the time a batch of gas spends in every component of our gas panel and apparatus.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
English
Neutron transmissionNeutron cross sectionsHydrogen thermal conductivityPara hydrogenNeutron moderators
Romanelli, G., Rudic, S., Zanetti, M., Andreani, C., Fernandez- Alonso, F., Gorini, G., et al. (2018). Measurement of the para-hydrogen concentration in the ISIS moderators using neutron transmission and thermal conductivity. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH. SECTION A, ACCELERATORS, SPECTROMETERS, DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, 888, 88-95 [10.1016/j.nima.2018.01.039].
Romanelli, G; Rudic, S; Zanetti, M; Andreani, C; Fernandez- Alonso, F; Gorini, G; Krzystyniak, M; ˇskoro, G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2108/194738
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