PurposeThe goal was to develop a simple model for predicting the individual risk profile for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on the basis of genetic information, disease family history, and smoking habits.Patients and methodsThe study enrolled 151 AMD patients following specific clinical and environmental inclusion criteria: age >55 years, positive family history for AMD, presence of at least one first-degree relative affected by AMD, and smoking habits. All of the samples were genotyped for rs1061170 (CFH) and rs10490924 (ARMS2) with a TaqMan assay, using a 7500 Fast Real Time PCR device. Statistical analysis was subsequently employed to calculate the real individual risk (OR) based on the genetic data (ORgn), family history (ORf), and smoking habits (ORsm).Results and conclusionThe combination of ORgn, ORf, and ORsm allowed the calculation of the Ort that represented the realistic individual risk for developing AMD. In this report, we present a computational model for the estimation of the individual risk for AMD. Moreover, we show that the average distribution of risk alleles in the general population and the knowledge of parents' genotype can be decisive to assess the real disease risk. In this contest, genetic counseling is crucial to provide the patients with an understanding of their individual risk and the availability for preventive actions.
Cascella, R., Strafella, C., Longo, G., Manzo, L., Ragazzo, M., De Felici, C., et al. (2018). Assessing individual risk for AMD with genetic counseling, family history, and genetic testing. EYE, 32(2), 446-450 [10.1038/eye.2017.192].
|Tipologia:||Articolo su rivista|
|Citazione:||Cascella, R., Strafella, C., Longo, G., Manzo, L., Ragazzo, M., De Felici, C., et al. (2018). Assessing individual risk for AMD with genetic counseling, family history, and genetic testing. EYE, 32(2), 446-450 [10.1038/eye.2017.192].|
|IF:||Con Impact Factor ISI|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica|
|Revisione (peer review):||Esperti anonimi|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/eye.2017.192|
|Stato di pubblicazione:||Pubblicato|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Assessing individual risk for AMD with genetic counseling, family history, and genetic testing|
|Autori:||Cascella, R; Strafella, C; Longo, G; Manzo, L; Ragazzo, M; De Felici, C; Gambardella, S; Marsella, Lt; Novelli, G; Borgiani, P; Sangiuolo, F; Cusumano, A; Ricci, F; Giardina, E|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su rivista|