Introduction—Both diagnostic ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) accuracy can be improved by using contrast enhancement. For US gas-filled microbubbles (MBs) or silica nanoparticles (SiNPs), and for MRI super- paramagnetic or paramagnetic agents, contribute to this. However, interactions of MBs with the vascular wall and cells are not fully known for all contrast media. Methods—We studied the in vitro interactions between three types of non-targeted air-filled MBs with a polyvinyl-alcohol shell and murine macrophages or endothelial cells. The three MB types were plain MBs and two types that were labelled (internally and externally) with superparamagnetic iron oxide 27,52,61 nanoparticles (SPIONs) for US/MRI bimodality. Cells were incubated with MBs and imaged by microscopy to evaluate uptake and adhesion. Interactions were quantified and MB internalization was confirmed by fluorescence quenching of non-internalized MBs. Results—Macrophages internalized each MB type within different time frames: plain MBs 6 h, externally labelled MBs 25 min and internally labelled MBs 2 h. An average of 0.14 externally labelled MBs per cell were internalized after 30 min and 1.34 after 2 h; which was 113% more MBs than the number of internalized internally labelled MBs. The macrophages engulfed these three differently modified new MBs at various rate, whereas endothelial cells did not engulf MBs. Conclusions—Polyvinyl-alcohol MBs are not taken up by endothelial cells. The MB uptake by macrophages is promoted by SPION labelling, in particular external such, which may be important for macrophage targeting.

Ahmed, M., Cerroni, B., Razuvaev, A., Harmark, J., Paradossi, G., Caidhal, K., et al. (2017). Cellular uptake of plain and SPION-modified microbubbles for potential use in molecular imaging. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOENGINEERING, 10(6), 537-548 [10.1007/s12195-017-0504-9].

Cellular uptake of plain and SPION-modified microbubbles for potential use in molecular imaging

CERRONI, BARBARA;PARADOSSI, GAIO;
2017-08-10

Abstract

Introduction—Both diagnostic ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) accuracy can be improved by using contrast enhancement. For US gas-filled microbubbles (MBs) or silica nanoparticles (SiNPs), and for MRI super- paramagnetic or paramagnetic agents, contribute to this. However, interactions of MBs with the vascular wall and cells are not fully known for all contrast media. Methods—We studied the in vitro interactions between three types of non-targeted air-filled MBs with a polyvinyl-alcohol shell and murine macrophages or endothelial cells. The three MB types were plain MBs and two types that were labelled (internally and externally) with superparamagnetic iron oxide 27,52,61 nanoparticles (SPIONs) for US/MRI bimodality. Cells were incubated with MBs and imaged by microscopy to evaluate uptake and adhesion. Interactions were quantified and MB internalization was confirmed by fluorescence quenching of non-internalized MBs. Results—Macrophages internalized each MB type within different time frames: plain MBs 6 h, externally labelled MBs 25 min and internally labelled MBs 2 h. An average of 0.14 externally labelled MBs per cell were internalized after 30 min and 1.34 after 2 h; which was 113% more MBs than the number of internalized internally labelled MBs. The macrophages engulfed these three differently modified new MBs at various rate, whereas endothelial cells did not engulf MBs. Conclusions—Polyvinyl-alcohol MBs are not taken up by endothelial cells. The MB uptake by macrophages is promoted by SPION labelling, in particular external such, which may be important for macrophage targeting.
Pubblicato
Rilevanza internazionale
Articolo
Esperti non anonimi
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
English
Con Impact Factor ISI
polyvinyl-alcoho; macrophages; endothelial cells; interactions; in vitro
Ahmed, M., Cerroni, B., Razuvaev, A., Harmark, J., Paradossi, G., Caidhal, K., et al. (2017). Cellular uptake of plain and SPION-modified microbubbles for potential use in molecular imaging. CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOENGINEERING, 10(6), 537-548 [10.1007/s12195-017-0504-9].
Ahmed, M; Cerroni, B; Razuvaev, A; Harmark, J; Paradossi, G; Caidhal, K; Gustafsson, B
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2108/188820
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